Therefore, according to him, things are perceived to be good if the repercussions of undertaking it are pleasing to us. There are two forms of motion as described by Hobbes: vital motion, which runs through the entire existence span of a living creature such as the flow of blood and voluntary motion, which is processed through imagination, followed by execution of the thought. In defining what may be perceived as good, Hobbes argues that good usually produces a motion deep inside us; the motion experienced is referred to as ‘delight.’ Sovereign states do play an important role in ensuring harmonious existence of different people. This is because the sovereign states have laws, which people have to abide to, failure to which they are to face punishment. In avoiding punishment, people try to avoid doing any act that is against the stipulated laws; thus, promoting harmony. Absence of such regulating authority would lead to people undertaking different activities based on their perceptions. For example, a man could sleep with anyone at any location and perceive it to be good because it brings forth delight to him. How Hobbes’ account of the good is related to his account of the constitutions “of Man.” Hobbes account of the good is related to his account of constitution of man in that mechanical effects of their senses trigger human actions. According to Hobbes, a man uses his volition to direct his actions away from harmful or evil situations, and towards beneficial situations. ...Show more
Despite his contribution, there are challenges posed to his argument on what is good and what is evil. Based on his argument, our environment, which usually shapes our opinion, determines what we desire and what we hate. In actual sense, we do love thing that do not conflict with our opinions and are pleasing, and hate those, which do conflict with our opinions. …
According to the research findings it can therefore be said that Hobbes argues that society needs an absolute sovereign who exerts control over a wide range of areas, and whom the subjects are not free to displace or to disagree with. He considers this to be necessary because of the inherent nature of humans that leads to conflict.
His most famous work that has contributed extensively towards the western political philosophy is his book Leviathan, which was published in 1651. There was a strong background as to why Hobbes decided to get this book published.
Fobbes is best known for his work in political philosophy and in the social sciences although he contributed to a diverse range of academic disciplines including physics of gases, geometry, history, ethics, general philosophy, theology and political science (Bunce & Meadowcroft 21).
Some use the natural law synonymously with natural right or natural justice. Thomas Hobbes, leviathan tries to contradict the natural laws and believes more in the man- made laws in his contractualist theory of the legal positivism what any man could believe in.
His works were both criticised and accepted widely. Being argumentative and timid, some of the bibliographers claim that Hobbes learned several languages in his early life and translated some books too although he hated the university. Hobbes had writings in law, mathematics, religion governments and also studied classics apart from being a tutor.
Though the work is primarily a political treatise, his treatment of politics is of abiding interest to psychology. His book shows a tendency to rationalize human conduct. As a confirmed royalist, his purpose was none other than to justify the absolute power of the ruler.
Hobbes depicts 'natural' man as a creature fundamentally opposed to civil society. It is a picture of humanity lacking basic ties even of family and friendship, and primarily concerned with self-interest. As Hobbes also depicts 'men' in this situation as roughly equal, in terms of physical strength and mental faculties, he cannot see clear winners and losers in this state, or the emergence of a more fixed, systemic hierarchy.
According to the author of the text, Hobbes' most famous work that has contributed extensively towards the western political philosophy is his book Leviathan, which was published in 1651. And the investigation has shown that there was a strong background as to why Hobbes decided to get this book published.
In actual sense, we do love thing that do not conflict with our opinions and are pleasing, and hate those, which do conflict with our opinions. Therefore, according to him, things are perceived to be good if the repercussions of undertaking it are
cal look at the views of Hobbes and Nietzsche on punishment shows that the two scholars conceived the role and the purpose of punishment differently; while Hobbes viewed punishment as a tool used by the society to enforce social contracts, Nietzsche conceives punishment as a
3 pages (750 words)Essay
Get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Didn't find an essay?
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to email@example.com