Institution Instructor Date Embryonic stem cell research What are the embryonic stem research controversies? Embryonic stem cell research has been a subject to numerous controversies since the discovery of the potential clinical use of the cells…
Research on the ES cells has then brought to the fore certain considerations with regard to human ethics. For the research to take place, the human embryo has to be harvested in order to investigate the phenomenon of interests. A balance cannot however be established between succeeding in helping another life using the embryo as it continues to exist. What are the ethical dilemmas involved in the embryonic stem cell researches? Despite the hot debate that surrounds the research use of embryonic stem cells, they offer better opportunity for harnessing certain therapies. Due to the controversy, most of the countries have adopted their own different rules that regulate the application of the Human Embryonic cells in research. Opinion is divided on what the value of human life is and the life of the embryo. It then exudes an ethical dilemma that complicates the application of the ES cells in solving most of the clinical problems (James, 45). The moral dilemma establishes a situation in which a choice has to be made from the two existing sensitive options. One, there is the duty prevent or relieve patients from chronic pains and two, the duty to respect the inherent value of human life. ...
It has been however been difficult to approve one option vis-a-vis the other. The arguments then goes that it is not ethical to destroy embryo given the fact that they possess full moral status beginning from fertilization and as they progresses through maturity. Others observe that an embryo should be considered as a person despite the fact that it is still an embryo (James, 45). They espouse the retention of life of the embryo by stating that there is a continuous process involved in the life of an embryo beginning from fertilization. They note that just like an infant is considered a human being then is the embryo. The argument goes further that people would tend to dismiss the significance of an embryo as a person just because they do not have the characteristics of a human being (Holland, 43). This should not be the angle of justifications because through the process of growth, the embryo will develop the said attributes. They concur that it is arbitrary to determine the period or stage when personhood commences, hence an embryo should not be dismissed as not being a person (Holland, 43). However, another explosive counter argument has continued to make decisions on the ES cells application very difficult. It explains that an embryo lacks the justification levels of being described as a person (Holland, 43). This is because unlike humans they do not have emotional, psychological and physical properties exhibited by humans or persons. As such there is no interest at all that is demonstrated by the embryo to regard protection and should be used to help persons who are in deeper pains with their lives hanging on the balance (James, 45). Another argument indicates a “cut-off” point at 14 ...
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In that aspect, this paper is going to present in-depth research on stem cells and facts surrounding the stem cells. The paper will also analyze legal views of various countries concerning the stem-cell research. In addition, the paper will analyze various controversies that surround the stem-cell research alongside advantages and disadvantages of adopting stem cell research in the contemporary societies.
The origin and development of stem cell research has elicited different reactions from many quarters. It has come to be known over the years as the stem cell research controversy. Many people do not agree with the research carried out on different organism cells (Pollack, 2012).
Stem Cells are those cells which are found in all multi-cellular organisms such as human beings. Stem cells have the potential to divide continuously and form complex structures which are known as organs. These organs then work together in a systemic manner to produce a living human being.
Stem cell research in US has faced mixed reactions from the citizens and leaders. Federal law restricts funding and stems cells use through budget bill amendments (Vestal and Writer 2008). In 2001, US president George Bush signed a policy that limited the number of lines of stem cells for research use.
Many are relying on stem cells as a new miracle medicine and a “great hope”. (Khan 2008) Which ever stance one may take regarding stem cells and whether or not research is morally worth it is important to consider when forming an opinion. With stem cells it is important to look at facts regarding stem cell research.
Advocates for stem cell research highlight its benefits and they support the laws which have been suggested in its favor. Others are however not highly enthusiastic about its application within the current health system. As a result, many laws and versions of stem cell research legislation have been suggested throughout the years.
Since the announcements, the quickening pace of discovery relating to the basic biology of human stem cells has been substantial. Generally, this is a result of the promise of the application of these special cells to various therapeutic uses, including the treatment of a variety of diseases that involve tissue and organ degeneration (Nisbet 1).
The research is conducted on the basis of the fact that stem cells can differentiate to be any human cell ranging from blood cells to skin cells (Advancing Science, serving Society, 2011, Para. 1). As a result, the research is geared towards using stem cells to repair damaged tissues.
The types of cells that can be developed through the stem cells are cells of the heart, blood, muscles, bones, brain, skin, etc. The stem cells have different sources but all kinds of stem cells consists the same potential to produce several types of stem cells.
Stem cells have the potential to divide continuously and form complex structures which are known as organs. These organs then work together in a systemic manner to produce a living human being. Thus stem cells are the basic
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