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Famous Thinkers Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell is known as one of the most prominent logicians of the twentieth century. Though his major contributions were on logic and philosophy, he did contribute his thoughts on religion, history, education, sciences, humanities and hosts of other subjects.
On existence of God, his logics were exemplary. To prove existence of God, Catholic Church put forward the argument of first cause that says that everything in the world has a cause and while going backward one arrives at the ‘First Cause’ and this First Cause is known as God. He sees fallacy in this argument as he says “When everything must have a cause then God must have a cause" ((Russell, 1927). What he concludes is that things not necessarily must have a beginning and the world could have come into being without a cause. “There is no reason to suppose that the world had a beginning at all” (Russell, 1927).The very basic idea that things must have a beginning is fundamentally a faulty thinking; this certainly reveals a highly creative way of his thinking! He is candid and straight forward in proposing that Christ is not "the best and wisest of men" (Russell, 1927). Christ believed in everlasting punishment for those who were not listening to his preaching creating hell for them. Commenting on the Christ's argument about "wailing and gnashing of teeth" and "two hands to go into Hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched" (Russell, 1927). he states that such doctrines bring cruelty into the world and Christ is partly responsible for all the cruelty that the world has today. ...
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