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The Connection between Environmental Values and Democracy: The Cases of the United States, Great Britain, China, and Russia - Essay Example

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The Connection between Environmental Values and Democracy: The Cases of the United States, Great Britain, China, and Russia

216). Democracy should be concerned with the composition of the constitution, since the effect of rights is experienced all over the legal, political, and moral areas. Several theories have been used for establishing environmental values (Carrow et al. 1998). Eckersley (1996) sums up the environmental challenge to democratic ideas of rights by saying that the democratic explanation of the moral interest of protection and independence from control needs consideration of the physical situations of its use. As argued by Eckersley (1996), “we must accord the same moral priority to the material conditions (including bodily and ecological conditions) that enable that autonomy to be exercised” (ibid, p. 223). Environmental values, however, conflicts with the democracy. Yet, the statements above show that ecological values and particular democratic rights are in fact connected. As stated by Saward (1996), “Rather than being something outside the purview of democratic theory, core environmental concerns are part of it” (ibid, p. 88). The following section will show the connection (or conflict) between environmental values and democracy in four countries, the US, the UK, China, and Russia. Environmental Values and Democracy If one looks at the political guidelines for the environment of the US and the UK, which are highly democratic societies, a particular problem appears as the clearest feature of the political practices, which is shown in their regulations. The problem has its source in knowledge of democracy that respects the involvement of citizens in decision making process to be a must. As shown by this idea, citizens should be given the right to express his/her opinion of and interest...
‘The Connection between Environmental Values and Democracy: The Cases of the United States, Great Britain, China, and Russia’ affirm that environmental values are not necessarily a component of democratic practice. In the United States and Great Britain the regard for environmental wellbeing is high but their citizens remain uninformed of the basic environmental issues and the role of the government in resolving these ecological problems. Chinese and Russian people, on the other hand, are highly informed of these fundamental ecological problems. In fact, China and Russia shows more exercise of deliberative democracy than the US and Great Britain. The increasing number of nongovernmental organizations in China and Russia testifies to that fact. In terms of citizen involvement, it appears that Americans are not willing to contribute or take part in the protection of the environment, which is the opposite for Chinese citizens who are eager to give a portion of their income for the environment. This difference may be explained by the intensity of information sharing or deliberation discussed above. The objective of the paper was not to present a sole design for environmental democratization, but was more exploratory. Certainly, institutional blueprint includes complicated decisions about the important context and the possible trade-offs that might be needed between institutional outcomes like effectiveness, representation, and involvement. Hence, there is no sole framework of the political system that will be appropriate in all contexts. ...Show more


This essay compares and contrasts the relationship of environmental values and democracy in four countries, namely, The United States, Great Britain, Russia, and China: the former two countries being highly democratic while the latter two being less democratic…
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The Connection between Environmental Values and Democracy: The Cases of the United States, Great Britain, China, and Russia essay example
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