The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Since the 1990s not only has the Security Council agreed to authorize humanitarian intervention, there have also been interventions without authorization from the Security Council such as the intervention in Northern Iraq, Somalia, Bosnia, Rwanda, Haiti, Yugoslavia/Kosovo and East Timor. These latter interventions have arisen as a result of a perception of the Security Council’s failure to act or ineffective action where there has been concern about the severe deprivation of human rights. For example, the failure of the UN to broker political peace in Somalia led to the US Operation Restore Hope in 1992, which for the first time in American history, saw American troops committed to a military operation for a cause completely unrelated to protecting their national interest. The operation’s goal was to open supply routes for food relief efforts and prepare the way for a UN peacekeeping force to preserve the security of these routes. The challenge, it seems, must be to leave open the option for humanitarian intervention in extreme cases of human suffering, where the reasons for action seem morally imperative and politically sound but the Security Council is unable to act, while at the same time to avoid jeopardising in a fundamental way the existing, hard-earned, international legal order, including the central role of the Security Council. ...Show more
An essay "International Law and Institutions" reports that all Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations…
China is one of the most powerful countries in the world today with respect to almost any aspect of growth, development and its people. The country has made various amendments in its strategic thinking and requirements in order to deem fit with the rest of the world and emerge on top.
“Self-determination is the historic root from which the democratic entitlement grew”. The deep-rootedness of democratic entitlement confers vital elements of legitimacy on self-determination, as well as on the two newer branches of the entitlement: freedom of expression and electoral right.
In terms of objectivity it is not just the question of the enjoyment and exercise by individuals or groups of any political, civil, socio-cultural or economic rights in the community where they belong. It is in terms of whether the human element within several states is entitled to choices that may lead to severing their destiny from that of a given state and ultimately disrupt the state's body politic.
l law is complicated by the very special nature of objective –subjective content of the rule’1 In terms of subjectivity those who gain are the constituencies of states. In terms of objectivity it is not just the question of the enjoyment and exercise by individuals or groups
All this has also helped the country to become an independent power in the eyes of the rest of the world with time as well.
The foreign or international policy of this country is the policy or theory by way of which it interacts with other nations and also the outlook
Moreover, governments are always anxious to prevent restrains that influence international law. They prevent the restrains because of the huge effect that it brings in their international politics. Other realists do not
Given that Iran’s attitude towards Jewish states remains negative; there is a chance that Israel may disrupt Iran’s capabilities of nuclear strength. The Persian Gulf War in 1991 gave the U.S. and alliance forces challenges in facing nuclear weapons (Shipley