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International accounting - Essay Example

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However, as world trade and financial markets get more and more integrated, these differences are being either removed or narrowed down leading to the development of a single universally accepted accounting standard.
As brought out earlier, accounting practices are shaped by economic, political, cultural and legal factors. It is necessary to understand these differences to have a wider understanding of accounting practices as well as to be better prepared to operate in a globalized market. Some of the salient differences between the systems prevalent in the United Kingdom and Germany are in the fields of:
Strategic Emphasis. The Continental system lays greater emphasis on technological advancement and on maintaining a long-term relationship with bankers, suppliers and customers alike, vis--vis the Anglo-American model.
One practical difference that comes immediately to mind as a result of the above factors, is the different method of depreciation followed in the United Kingdom and Germany, which are at the opposite ends of the spectrum. ...
One practical difference that comes immediately to mind as a result of the above factors, is the different method of depreciation followed in the United Kingdom and Germany, which are at the opposite ends of the spectrum. Whereas in the United Kingdom depreciation is determined according to custom with, "convention and pragmatism, rather than exact rules[determining] the method of depreciation, estimates of the scrap value and the expected length of life" (Ferrari L 2005). In Germany on the other hand, tax regulations lay down all these aspects in detail, leaving no room for subjectivity or manipulation. Needless to say, the financial statements of the same company prepared using different accounting practices would have different degrees of transparency. The more transparent the financial statement, the higher the quality and the more its value to investors and shareholders. Another difference lies in the realm of public disclosure. On the Continent, shareholdings are likely to be concentrated in the hands of a few institutional investors like banks and contacts between the company and the bank are likely to be kept confidential. Whereas, when there are more diverse shareholders, public disclosure is more common, allowing a greater number of people to asses the financial viability of a company and its future prospects and potential for growth.

These differences in accounting practices, however, are a handicap in the increasingly globalized marketplace. Differences between accounting systems make it difficult to compare the relative worth of a company from an investor's point of view, especially when the investor could well be from yet another country. There is thus a move to introduce International Accounting ...Show more
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Summary

Accounting practices differ considerably from country to country, and have been influenced by prevailing socio-economic-cultural factors. Over the centuries, many countries have contributed to the development of accounting. The United Kingdom e.g. contributed the 'true and fair' view, the United States the concept of 'substance over form', and Germany 'standardized formats' for financial statements, all of which were fuelled by commercial developments…
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