How might one judge the ethics or morality of foreign policy On the basis of criteria you have selected provide an evaluation of the foreign policy of either Bill Clinton, George W. Bush (the second term only) or Barack Obama.
Ethics and morality have always left a question mark because of their controversial elements on the international political platform…
securing the good of the community and not benefitting the individual member of the society.
Morality is derived from a Latin word "mores", that means custom, habit or a way of life. For an act to be moral, there are three fundamental characteristics - foremost, universal allegiance, secondly, impartiality in all the acts and lastly, the act in itself should be self-enforcing. The implication of these elements is that moral values bind everyone to these norms, and irrespective of any one, it is applied to all perspectives and interests. Lastly, it should be through voluntary actions of the persons and not forced upon by any other. Ethics is doing what is right and refrain from doing what is wrong. And the good is determined by the norms that are applicable to that particular situation.
The political issues involve complex public affairs, and competing moral values and dilemmas and not simple moral verdicts. Ethical reasoning and judgments in foreign policy making involves use of relevant morals and illuminations in managing foreign relations with other states. The issues such as fairness of the international economic order, justice of the global institutions, and international regimes etc. should be guided by rules, and institutions in light of moral norms (Amstutz, 2005).
The politics among nations is governed by political Realism, the phenomenon that says that the society is governed by objective laws have its roots from the human nature. Since the political systems comprises of people, therefore, the societal laws of human beings are to always prevail in these systems. Any statesman should apply rational alternatives in meeting problems under all circumstances.
Morality has multiple facets to a foreign policy. Foremost, morality helps in defining goals and purposes of states and other players. No specific policy directives are given, but direction and general vision to highlight the nation's vital interests is given by the moral rules governing the foreign policy. It establishes the limits for any policy measure to be taken and acted upon. Moreover, any policy is also judged on the basis of these pre specified norms for judging the acts of the nations.
A moral foreign policy should address three instruments - the conscience of decision makers, the influence of domestic opinion, and the influence of international reputation. The domestic opinion is formed by the freedom of expression of the people - as judged by the media, interest groups, and nongovernmental and professional associations; whereas, global opinion influences the international reputation of the country by labeling it as a reliable and moral actor or not.
Kantian Ethics is the deontological approach talks about seeking happiness and that everyone will try to achieve pleasure and gratification to lead to the happiness, but, achieving happiness does not always fall in the purview of our powers, and it is a matter of luck. Thus, under this philosophy, evaluation of international politics actions taken might deem to be right or wrong, and not depending on the consequences. Thus, rationality is based on how a certain action is performed and not what does it result. Therefore, under this theory acts of terrorism can be favored by saying that these are the law enforcement acts, irrespective of the ...
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“Morality of a Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/274485-morality-of-a-foreign-policy.
Last two decades of the twentieth century were the period, when we witnessed the spectacular rise of China’s global policy and economy. Such achievements are of particular interest because they are largely related to the governmental polices, which appeared to be alternative to open and liberal models of some developing countries.
After these attacks, the United States needed new apparatus for the gathering and cooperation of foreign intelligent and, most importantly new mechanisms for seamless collaboration between representatives of the military and civilian agencies involved in foreign defense affairs.
Therefore, freedom can influence the American policies, by enabling the country to intervene in other countries where freedom of the people is in jeopardy. This often leads to US-led military action against dictatorial governments across the world, if diplomacy fails to guarantee the masses of their freedom.
Powerful states can now intervene without the fear of triggering a superpower conflict that might escalate into a nuclear conflict. Modern communication media make the suffering of people in different places immediately apparent to a global audience, provoking the public into believing that something must to be done.
Although these consequences have been discussed by several generations of American and foreign historians, the debate is still far from being over.Politically, the War resolved arguably the key problem that persisted since the American Revolution of 1776: it proved that the republic is capable of coping with both external and internal threats.
?"1 It is known that since the Cold War ended, these questions have been posed with increasing frequency and urgency, for example with regard to events such as in (Kurdistan, Iraq, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, Angola and East Timor) where the concept of ethical
es for a certain group or person and the establishment of enabling environment; or the lack of lived situations of coercion, for example political coercion in the United States society. Whereas political liberty is usually misunderstood to mean the liberty from irrational
However, the past decade has reported stronger ties between these two nations owing to China’s explosive economic growth. This state of affairs has implications on Australia’s foreign policy alignments and its association with other
ts of terror strikes and rising international tensions while carrying out counterterrorist operations overseas create insecurity in the minds of American citizens. Despite having a series of domestic issues to solve, America is engaged in wars between other countries. As
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