The paper studies the peculiarities of the Chinese foreign policy. Reportedly, China is the most populous country in the world and its economy is the fourth largest worth about 2.22 trillion US Dollars which is equivalent to approximately 18 percent of the US economy…
China's total fertility rate is 1.7, which means that, on average, each woman gives birth to 1.7 children throughout her life, nonetheless, China's population is expected to grow over the next few decades.4 (PGR) This can be attributed to immigration and a decrease in both infant mortality and death rate as national health standards improve. By the late 2010s, China's population is expected to reach 1.4 billion. Around 2030, its population is anticipated to peak and then slowly start dropping. However, one of the demographic consequences of the "one child" policy has been that China is now one of the most rapidly aging countries in the world. 5
Ethnic and religious groups
China has numerous ethnic groups (56) as constituents of its population. (Appendix ). The Han Chinese is the most numerous. Many of the ethnic minorities have their own culture and language, but many are becoming more like the Han who dominates the whole of China except Tibet and Xianjiang where the Han is still a minority. In the absence of an 'equal opportunity law', one is free to advertise for a preferred ethnic group for employment. However, most government bodies are required to employ at least one member of an ethnic minority.
China was established in 1949 as an officially atheist state, and organized religion was banned and religious belief and practice were discouraged. During the Cultural Revolution, religion was condemned as feudalistic and thousands of religious buildings were looted and destroyed. The 1978 the Chinese Constitution reversed the atheist stance of the government and guaranteed freedom of religion. Many Chinese actually continue to practice a wide variety of religions. One source gives about 100 million religious worshippers in China: Buddhists 72%;...
Trade has been growing rapidly during the reform period. In 1952 exports and imports were each running at a miserable US$1 billion. By 1970 they were just over double that, though world trade had expanded many times since 1952. The limited opening up that occurred in the late Mao period brought exports and imports each to about US$7.5billion, only slightly better. Then under Deng Xiaoping, two-way trade shot up: from less than US$15billion in 1975, it grew to $38billion in 1980, nearly $70billion in 1985, and $115billion by 1990. The rapid growth continued in the 1990s, especially after Deng's southern tour in January 1992, and by 1999 two-way trade was worth US$360bn. Imports were balanced with exports when the two were too small to be worth worrying about, then in the 1980s imports exceed exports, and in most years in the 1990s there was a substantial trade surplus.
China's foreign trade figures were US $1150 billion in 2004, more than double that of 2001. At the end of 2004, China became the world's third largest trading nation behind the United States and Germany.
China’s trade surplus has been positive over many years. In 2005, her exports were valued at $762.0 billion and imports at $ 660.12 billion, giving a BOT surplus of US$ 102. China's principal trading partners are US, Japan, Germany, Singapore, South Korea, Russia, and Australia. With the US, China had a trade surplus of $170 billion in 2004, more than double of the 1999 figure. China has become an integral part of the world’s trading system. ...
Cite this document
(“Foreign Policy of China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/politics/281757-foreign-policy-of-china
(Foreign Policy of China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 Words)
“Foreign Policy of China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/281757-foreign-policy-of-china.
The confrontation remained a proxy war during the Korean War in the 1950s and the Vietnamese conflict in the 1960s and 1970s. The break up of the Soviet Union and the demise of communism, except in China, should have paved the way for more amicable foreign relations between the two countries.
Therefore, freedom can influence the American policies, by enabling the country to intervene in other countries where freedom of the people is in jeopardy. This often leads to US-led military action against dictatorial governments across the world, if diplomacy fails to guarantee the masses of their freedom.
With the growing power of China, China would seek to alter the international institutions fundamentally and would replace them with the new institutions. Neoliberals, on the other hand place their focus upon the lack of comfort of the authoritarian regime of China with a multi-stakeholder system to predict the direction in which change would be pursued by China.
Unlike his predecessor he recognised the importance of wealth creation for being strong. From the midst of the Deng's era in china the economic policies started dominating the foreign and military policy of any country in the world. Though China fought with US in Korea and in case of Taiwan in his period he was successful in being a strategic partner for US and achieving MFN status for his country.
According to the paper there are two dominant approaches to political decision making in general and foreign policy decision making in particular: rational choice and cognitive psychology. Cognitive Theories are those which examine the role of psychological processes – perception, misperception, belief systems – on the foreign policy behaviour of states. It includes theories such as classical realism, neo realism, neo classical realism, liberalism, neo liberalism.
es for a certain group or person and the establishment of enabling environment; or the lack of lived situations of coercion, for example political coercion in the United States society. Whereas political liberty is usually misunderstood to mean the liberty from irrational
However, the past decade has reported stronger ties between these two nations owing to China’s explosive economic growth. This state of affairs has implications on Australia’s foreign policy alignments and its association with other