However, not only has the popularity of Esping-Andersen's work been under attack, other experts in this area of study have also closely scrutinized the viability of Andersen's controversial categorization which has provoked criticisms from different sectors of society including economists and feminists. This paper will carefully examine Esping-Andersen's welfare state models and the criticisms afforded to them and evaluate the feasibility of these classifications especially the social democratic model towards which Esping-Andersen has revealed his proclivity.
In his book, "Three Worlds of Capitalism," Esping-Andersen put forth the foundational dimensions of capitalist welfare states as viable 'systems of stratification' (1990: 69-77) which comprise of three dimensions: Social democratic, liberal and conservative. The social democratic model measures universality of public welfare entitlements, frees citizens from their reliance on the market and 'decommodifies' labour. Esping-Andersen refers to the term 'decommodification' as the extraction of an individual from dependency on the market. ...Show more