This essay will discuss how the Beveridge Report 'f 1942 made such a significant contribution to the creation 'f the NHS and general development 'f the welfare state and will also look at the social conditions that existed for each 'f the political parties and the welfare policy approaches that each party adopted in relation to the NHS…
The Second World War for the general population was an experience that was more extensive and indiscriminate than 'f any previous conflicts. Previous wars had mostly been fought far from Britain. The Blitzkrieg, the war by air, changed this. It destroyed millions 'f homes and forced people from the cities to flee to the countryside, bringing together people from different classes and backgrounds. It had been an intense and traumatic time for the entire nation but also a realisation that misfortune and tragedy were not restricted to the disadvantage alone. The task 'f re-building the state needed to take place at every level, as well as the re-building 'f lives:
This led to a great expansion in the role 'f Government in society. Historically British social policy had been dominated by the Poor Laws. But now there was widespread support for reform and expansion 'f the welfare system. Development 'f such reforms would owe much to Fabianist beliefs and the Beveridge Report 1942. William Beveridge was appointed by the wartime Government to review Social Security Policy. His report concluded that the state should meet collective welfare needs and provide positive freedom to individuals by removing the Five Giant Evils. In 1945 Labour began addressing Beveridge's evil through state action introduced reforms:
'Our po'The National Health Service was set up to combat Disease.
Full Employment to combat Idleness.
State Education to fifteen to combat ignorance (actually introduced by the war time government).
Public Housing to combat Squalor.
National Insurance and Assistance Schemes to combat Want.' (Jones, 1991 p.126)
'Our policy was not 'f reformed capitalism, but progress towards a democratic socialism...the war had shown how much could be accomplished when public advantage was put before private vested interest. If that was right in wartime, it was right in peacetime' (Jones, 1991 p.117)
To describe the social policy reforms, press at the time coined the phrase 'from the cradle to the grave'. Alcock describes the social policy proposals as:
'The social policy response to the depravation 'f depression' (Alcock, 2003 p.220)
Prior to the NHS, health care was not a luxury everybody could afford. Access to a doctor was free to workers but this did not cover their families. Poor people often went without medical treatment, relying on home remedies or on the charity 'f a doctor. For the Government to fund the NHS and other evils economic growth and full employment were essential. Maynard Keynes advised the government to spend its way out 'f a recession by lowering taxes and investing more in projects and programmes. Government began to use Keynes theory 'f demand management and in 1946 ...
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“Beveridge Report of 1942 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/287979-beveridge-report-of-1942.
During the Second World War, he manifested proficient leadership qualities during the wartime, leading a coalition government as a prime minister. The sole role of Churchill’s coalition government was to defeat political enemies; however, the government faced a blow when labour ministers demanded an election since they wanted a change.
Before meeting Rita my professional life was like a dilapidated and abandoned fishing boat sailing to nowhere, simply subject to the whims and fancies of the unpredictable currents. Though in my young days I believed that the system will never be able to tame me and deprive me of my essential originality and commonsense, yet, things turned out quiet to the contrary.
The report will compare and contrast the NHS structures of the four UK countries since they are managed separately. This will be followed by a discussion of the social care services sector and the independent sector. This will be followed by a discussion of the social care services sector and the independent sector.
The education system in most countries is viewed as a solution to economic, social, and political problems of the economy at that particular time. Education policies are therefore, formulated in such contexts and the education system in Britain was not an exception.
These services were provided outdoor to all the poor. However, it was criticized for encouraging laziness and increased poverty. The poor law Act of 1834 was thus enacted. The 1834 Act was very instrumental in formulation of the existing social policy. It was paternalistic in nature in that it excluded women from relief and considered them as dependents of their husbands whether they were in employment or not.
"Certainly it is, that, on the welfare of its labouring Poor, the prosperity of a country essentially depends " (Sir Frederic Eden, The State of the Poor, 1797, - Derived from: Quigley, William P., Undated).
These are the two broad spectrums of the two types of politics available today.
The budget devoted to it represents the largest single departmental program, and accounts for nearly one-third of all public expenditure. Over four million households rely on income support and a similar number receive housing benefit (Aaron 1982). The state retirement pension is paid to approximately ten million people and child benefit is paid to nearly seven million families.
His report was formulated with the aim of helping citizens with low income levels, to pave way for their well-being and a better standard of living.
Beveridge was a social reformer and aimed to bring about reform in the field of social insurance, that aimed at doing away with any form of interruption or inability in earning income among the masses and to pay way for social insurance to cater to special expenditure like marriage, birth and the like.
faced which primarily were fallen standards in learning institutions as well as the low retention of students in schools after age 16, the significantly poor basic attitudes, skills and knowledge that characterised the U.K population and lastly, the relentless dissimilarities