Political Parties in the New Era

Masters
Essay
Politics
Pages 8 (2008 words)
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Political Parties are organizations that mobilize voters on behalf of a common set of interests, concerns, and goals. Their main objective is to formulate political and policy agendas, select candidates, conduct election campaigns, and monitor the work of their elected representatives…

Introduction


Many studies have shown that the Political Parties of today have changed significantly in the past few decades, both in industrialized countries and in the developing nations (third world countries). The changes have inadvertently resulted in the weakening of connections between citizens and the state, however, there remains widespread consensus that political parties are essential elements in democratic societies.
A statement made 50 years ago by E.E. Schattschneider was that, "Political parties created democracy and that modern democracy is unthinkable save in terms of parties. As a matter of fact, the condition of parties is the best evidence of the nature of any regime. The most important distinction between democracy and dictatorship can be made in terms of party politics. The parties are not therefore
Recently, Alan Ware viewed political parties as pervasive elements in contemporary societies saying that, "In contemporary states it is difficult to imagine there being politics without political parties. Indeed, in only two kinds of states today are parties absent. ...
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