The liberals see Wilson as "prophet of 20th century" who took out the US from isolation and steered it towards world stage of international politics. For liberals a nation policy should be guided by morality. For them US is the champion of democracy and it should export its values…
American believes that America is a virtuous and democratic state and role model, which should be followed by other states to become good states.
According to the realist view, it is a government foremost responsibility to use all means at its disposal ranging from democracy, threat of force and even war in order to seek the national interest. According to the realist national security and survival does not lie in idealism but rather in power of balance. The realist believe that in real politics it is essential need to pursue power at all cost by the states, however there must be a clear comprehension of what is achievable and what is not. The realists are concerned about security rather than think about cheating or lying. Their ambition is to tailor the US foreign policy according to the real world scenario rather than pursuing idealism. The realists believe that the Wilsonian idealism cannot promote peace and democracy in the arena of international politics.
During the early phase of Cold War the liberals saw optimism in three key areas: the role of institutions, the dominion of ideas and material prosperity. According to liberals the key institution, which can play a vital role in the international political affairs, can only be UN, which can decide the issues of inequality among the nations. If a weaker nation is invaded by a powerful nation, mediation can workout a solution. The UN could tackle the elementary causes of disparity and dissatisfaction and intercede between the parties. Thus for the liberals after WWII, there was no visible threat, democracy was spreading, so the basic concern of the nations should be the well being of the states and improving their economic condition.
As antagonism between the US and USSR existed long before WWII which was basically the ideological difference between two countries leading to Cold War. This hostility directed the course of events into to intense development and deployment and stock piling of nuclear weapons in both the countries. As both sides viewed themselves the champions of the world, they aggressively persuaded smaller nations to join their camp. In 1946 /1947 USSR brought communist regimes in Romania and Bulgaria. US felt threatened by the USSR violent approach and adopted the Trueman doctrine, which allowed US to help its allies and to contain the USSR expansion.
In 1959 the Vietnam War started and Vietnam became a hot bed of rivalry between the two great powers. The realist could no longer follow the liberal ideas as they saw the USSR expansion and its increasing power a serious threat to American security, and they decided to contain this expansion by all means. In early 1970s, after the advent of nuclear ICBMs it was no longer possible for both the super powers to conqueror each other. It was no longer possible to have the same view of the world as the Cold War has been pushed the world into a perilous age which US has never imagined.
This led to a military doctrine MAD (mutual assured destruction) and the idea behind this doctrine was that, the Western bloc will not be attacked as both superpowers have more than enough stockpile of nuclear weapons to wipe off each other from the face of earth, including all the human beings in the world. Thus the idea of attacking each other seemed a suicidal and unpractical act as a result nuclear weapon instead of threat worked as a Deterrence to ...
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“Cold War Politics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/politics/305258-cold-war-politics-essay.
The fear of nuclear escalation did not allow the two economies to indulge into an active war therefore; this war is known as Cold War. This war is different from the other wars because it was not an active war and it was fought through propagandas, military clashes, economic clashes and diplomatic bargaining.
However, the most worrying issue was that of the nuclear weapons available to both countries which if used would have caused equal destruction to both countries. After the World War II it was seen that the United States and Russia underwent a competition in the field of economics, race and politics to gain superiority in the world.
They were involved in high profile proxy wars where they supported rival against each other in locations such as Korea and Vietnam. Causes The war was the result of the clashing between capitalism and communism which at the moment were two opposing world views.
The war can be described as the persistent military state and political tension amongst the two states (Leffler, 2008). The Soviet Union and its associates branded the Eastern bloc while the United States and their allies referred to as the Western bloc. The cold war was the tension that existed between the Western and Eastern blocs.
As most of Europe was devastated by the war, the US soon emerged as one of the major economic and political powers. The Soviet Union was also able to rebuild and was eyeing improvements in its military capability. This same military prowess was also one of the major goals of the US.
The sheer volume of historiography covering the origins and course of the Cold War offers multiple and often opposing angles through which this dilemma can be viewed. The lucidity and conviction of much of the revisionist and post-revisionist literature demands a rigorous, nuanced analysis of the seminal works reviewing the era.
relations after the Second World War; and whether the conflict between the two superpowers was inevitable, or could have been avoided. Historians have also disagreed on what exactly the Cold War was, what the sources of the conflict were, and how to disentangle patterns of action and reaction between the two sides.
The delay in the opening of second front, the secrecy over the Atom Bomb, and refusal to invite the Polish provincial government to San Francisco made Soviet Russia suspicious of America. Similarly the western nations felt Russia had acquired considerable territory by declaring war against Japan at the last moment.
The following essay depicts the positive changes which occurred after the war in the United States, politically, socially, and economically.
Economically, after the Cold War the United States experienced a strikingly rapid growth in its economy. The rapid growth of the
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