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The Freedom of Information Act 2000 manifests the execution of the public's right to information on matters of public concern in the United Kingdom. It lays down the concrete basis for the exercise of the right to access public information. Under the Act, any person, whether individual or juridical entity, may gain access to information or data held by government authorities, by filing a written request to the office or official concerned.
However, not all information may be divulged by the public authorities. Those relating to matters of national security for example, cannot be given, as well as those which can be properly classified as secret information even of foreign governments or international organizations. Prohibition in these areas is considered absolute and no amount of reconsideration may reverse the same. Other areas on the other hand are exempted, subject to some qualifications. In these aspects, the public authority concerned have to decide where public interest would be subserved more: in maintaining the exemption or not. In case a request in denied, the requesting party may ask for a reconsideration from the Information Commissioner who has the power to reverse the decision of the public authority who previously denied the request. This decision however may still be appealed to the Information Tribunal, a special tribunal especially created for the same. In relation thereto, the Government per se may interfere and override the decisions of the public authority, Information Commissioner and Information Tribunal. ...
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