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Possibilities for peace in the international system: realism versus liberalism - Essay Example

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Possibilities for peace in the international system: realism versus liberalism

Walt writes that policy-making - or making a sound policy to be precise - would be a really tough task in the present-day welter of information if one missed the organising effect of a valid theory upon his own ideas and basic principles about how the world works (1998). It rings equally true for both policymakers who disregard the very concept of ‘theory’ in the real world of politics and those practitioners who conduct foreign policy, more often than not dismissing – whether with good reason or not - the academic theorists as a whole (Walt, 1998). On the other hand, as Walt further specifies, it’s just as hard to construct well-founded theories without an explicit and sufficient knowledge of the real world (1988). Therefore, relation between the abstract theoretical world and the real world of policy appears the unavoidable corollary of their clash; being more or less modified - either eased or aggravated – by the myriad of competing ideas, principles, and approaches that are endeavouring to capture the complexity of contemporary global politics (Walt, 1998). Other authors, like Brown (1997, 2001) for instance, point out that this is not a one-way relationship, or in Brown’s own words, “how we understand and interpret the world is partly dependant on how we define the world we are trying to understand and interpret” (Brown, 2001).Three theoretical traditions appear dominant over time – realism, liberalism and radical approaches, whose boundaries are described as rather fuzzy (Walt, 1998). ...
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Walt writes that policy-making - or making a sound policy to be precise - would be a really tough task in the present-day welter of information if one missed the organising effect of a valid theory upon his own ideas and basic principles about how the world works (1998)…
Author : lubowitzsolon
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