It is evidently clear from the discussion that attribution theory aims at determining the hidden aspect in which people use to interact with each other in context with the understanding of others' behaviors. This theory helps an individual on a personal as well as a collective level to understand human behavior in detail. For example, the theory helps the various causes of interaction between humans, whether it be his or her own behavior or someone else's. Attribution theory is based upon those notions that people believe and wants to know the reasons behind their understanding for the actions that they and others take. It helps them to attribute and analyze causes to different behaviors they see in their everyday lives rather than assuming and considering such behaviors while taking for granted. This phenomenon assists them in developing some feeling of control over their own behaviors and sometimes over situations they feel complex or critical to take appropriate decisions. The theory was actually proposed by Psychologist Fritz Heider (1896-1988) who believed that it is not important what people perceive about their beliefs is true or untrue, what matters is that people perceive what they are dictated by others' acting or behaviors. At a personal level, attribution theory is central to the individual's construction of a personal reality. Harvey et al believed that to a larger extent, the structure and meaning of the events experienced by an individual derive from attribution analyses that are often subtle and complex to understand. Logically, this notion seems to be true because such analyses may at times appear to be fully represented in the person's consciousness. Such occasions usually focus only on one end of the process since the other spectrum of the analyses seems to occur partially, if not entirely, out of conscious awareness. The meanings and consequent behaviors following from such analyses often indicate that a logical, rational integration of information has occurred. Attribution theory (AT) reveals about what our senses perceive of the other person whom we are interacting while assisting that a person can correctly decide what is real and what is not, the theory judges his or her intentions. The theory also determines and analyzes the extent of mental illness, for example, a person who attributes reality to things that are not real, or deny reality to things that are real, maybe mentally not sound. AT is used in technical situations where there is a need to assess the sources and reasons of gender effects and their impact of arbitrators' experience while taking decisions. It is among the popular theories of social psychology that deals with explaining the behavior of decision-makers who must decide on a response to the behavior of other individuals, such as managers responding to the performance of their subordinates and officials in the criminal justice system responding to individuals alleged to have committed an offense.
This article will explore the subject of attribution theory under the following divisions: attribution process; attribution biases; self-serving bias; accuracy in attribution theory; fundamental attribution error; self-fulfilling prophecy…
The author explains that an attribution is an informal explanation for behavior or for any event. The attribution theory illustrates that the outcomes and behaviors eventually assist to form behavioral and emotional responses. The attributions that are casual in nature exert more stress on people’s perception for their successes and failures.
This paper focuses on the attribution theory, as initially developed by Fritz Heider in the 1950s, that does not exist in a vacuum. It's profound influence on several fields of psychology, as well as other fields of study, can be attributed to the setting in which it was developed and by the researchers who expanded on the theory.
Gender attribution through different materials is a stereotypical practice proliferated in society. A baby upon being born in the hospital will have those tiny plastics bracelets where their name will be written for identification while they are in the nursery.
This is how we make attribution, by simply trying to assume that there must be certain cause of an event (Forsterling, 2001, p.13). In fact, we noticed how we generally consider men as powerful, the head of the family or in the state. In all aspects, including political, social and socio-economic concepts, men are viewed to have played a significant role that includes higher-ranking power.
Principles of attribution theories.
Attribution can be linked to something within an individual that is observable (such as personality/dispositional attribution) or can be something that is external to the individual that people observe (such as their situation/situational attribution).
It deals with what kinds of explanations individuals come up with when they are faced with a situation or a happening. The explanation or the interpretation of individuals about the events they deal with can be attributed to either external or internal factors (Robbins et al, 2006).
Process motivational theories such as “Maslow’s hierarchy of needs” theory and “Alderfer’s EGR theory” are examples applicable motivational theories (Borkowski, 2009, p. 103). Similarly, a person’s position in an organization can be
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