"Counseling is a proactive and dynamic activity, that primarily involves defining the vector of any body's actions and behavior" (Johnson, 1992). Again, the said concept may be write vague in its concept, as this might involve everybody and anybody. The short answer is yes! As the essence of psychology involves providing guidance to an individual, this provides a notion that is applicable to all humanity regardless of any differences.
Human beings have always found a multitude of ways to divide themselves. Color, creed, religion, class and ranks, all have provided a disparity in attitude and treatment over the millennia. However, defining them on grounds of social class on grounds of counseling is incorrect. This is a stance that is largely misunderstood, and can only be truly clarified once the correct stance of counseling is understood.
A school of thought may argue over the fact that counseling is a middle class hobby for the middle classes. However, this statement is far from the truth. It shall be consequential to understand the true dynamics of counseling before the same may be established. The reason why this may be argued that it is for the middle class is because it provides a scape-goat to those who have been sandwiched among the parenthesis of classes. It seems therefore, that issues such as race, ethnicity, gender or sexuality provide a soar point for those of the middle class as they cannot find their true place in this tug-of-war. The fact remains, that though there may be certain issues that are specific or more pungent ion the middle classes, this does not necessarily certify the fact that counseling is specific to them.
Given that counseling is a kind of treatment restricted mostly to verbal exchanges, practitioners do not have to be medically qualified. In most countries, however, psychotherapists must be trained, certified and licensed with a range of different licensing schemes and qualification requirements in place around the world. Psychotherapists may be psychologists, social workers, trained nurses, psychiatrists, psychoanalysts, or professionals of other mental health disciplines. Psychiatrists' training focuses on the prescription of medicines, with some training in counseling. Psychologists have special training in mental health assessment and research in addition to counseling. Social workers have special training in mental health assessment and treatment as well as linking patients to community and institutional resources.
Issues may oscillate between how intense they are for specific classes, but nonetheless, they remain all the more important for them all. Given the fact that all human beings are susceptible to challenging situations, it becomes imperative for them to qualify for the need for counseling. It is true, that the upper class is involved in its own vicious circles of needs and wants, and the lower classes have a similar, but very different disposition of their own, but nonetheless, they still fall in the same cadre when it is the issue of counseling.
The Race Factor
The issue of race has always been an element of disparity among humans. The simple reason is, that no matter what your nationality, creed, or social status, the color of your skin is an ever permanent factor. Those who might consider the Michael