Their behavior is characterized by a callous lack of concern for the feelings of others, gross irresponsibility and disregard for social norms and obligations, inability to maintain close relationships, a very low tolerance of frustration and violence and aggression, an inability to experience guilt or to profit from experience or punishment, and a tendency to blame others for their errant behavior.
Ang and Hughes (2002) examine the differences of antisocial personality disorder in adults. They found that the psychometric properties are weak for women in contrast to male sample group. On interviewing these patients the lack of any sense of right or wrong, and of moral responsibility, can be deep-rooted, obvious and pervasive. This inability to empathize with the feelings of others, and a lack of imagination as to the consequences of their behavior, can lead to serious considerations of public safety for which treatment efforts are of uncertain efficacy and have to be secondary to considerations of security and containment. Some of these psychopathic adults with learning disability are to be found among the population of persistent fire-raisers and sex offenders (particularly offenders with children).
Bryan and Stallings (2002) and Crawford (2004) found that aggressive and violence behavior is not typical. Also, these criteria were not included in DSM-III or RDC classification. Personality and personality disorder are elusive concepts which have not been well-researched by psychiatrists. All too often the term 'personality disorder' becomes a pejorative label with no implications for treatment or services. If it is no more than that it would be better abandoned. That is not an option because, however imperfect our knowledge, we know that personality is one of the key issues in determining the success or otherwise of community living for adults with learning disability, and is equally important as physical dependency needs and frank psychiatric illness. Researchers admit that it is important to revise diagnostic criteria for male and female patients and apply new criteria to antoscoial personality disorder. Psychiatry needs to extend and consolidate our knowledge in this area, with a view to formulating practical treatment and management programs. Personality probably consists of characteristics which have been present since adolescence, are stable over time despite fluctuations in mood, are manifest in different environments and are clearly recognizable to friends and acquaintances.
Woodward et al (2002) examine gender differences in romantic relations and sexual relations in people with antisocial personality disorders. The study found that "Females reported higher rates of partnership formation than males" (p. 231). Most of these personality assessment schedules do, however, involve a component of self-report and subject participation and this is beyond the competence of people with any significant degree of learning disability. Hence, personality disorder has been one of the least researched areas of learning disability psychiatry, and the few studies there are tend to be idiosyncratic and unscientific. A multitrait-multimethod approach would utilize diverse measurements for a broad range of traits in order to establish construct validity for the underlying constellation of
In recent literature, researchers underline that multiple and antisocial personality disorder is real but that it rarely occurs spontaneously, without prompting, and therefore does not deserve to be a primary-level diagnosis. A special attention is given to gender differences and behavior patterns of patients and possible treatment methods…
Generally, the subtypes of personality disorders are classified on the basis of severity and the symptoms of the disorder. The most severe personality disorders are classified as Antisocial or Psychopathic or borderline disorders. These severe disorders often result in causing the patient to have a conflicting behavior with the society.
Main objective behind examining the chapter is to estimate the term personality and the theories and researches attributed to it. The authors declare an individual’s long term pattern or consistency in thinking, emotions and behavior as his personality (404), in the light of which people interact with him while entering into interaction with him; one’s being sociable, meek, aggressive and greedy come under the definition of personality traits (405).
Research has indicated that there are several factors that control the severity of such disorders with gender differences being a key factor. From early adolscence throughout adulthood, women (18%) are twice as likely as men (7%) to experience unipolar depression, the most common psychological disorder.
This problem acts as an indication of future problems in life and should be tackled carefully through various suggested intervention measures. Studies have also shown that gender plays an important role in this disorder and males have been seen to express this disorder more often than females.
Title: Personality Disorder Insert college level: Multiple personality disorder Personalities Disorder is detected when an individual has multiple personalities that can control the person and make them do actions they don’t recall or would be unable to do.
It can be hard to tell in certain cases, and it is often the first thing we ask ourselves upon meeting someone for the first time. Naturally, the inability to tell leaves us confused and uncomfortable, and that is because we are so used to gender norms.
In this technological age, there are many things which we can prevent or even mitigate i. e. fires, and floods, but the occurrence of hazards like earthquakes, , snow storms, hurricanes, tornadoes and tsunamis are natural acts, and the most we can do upon occurrence is to seek safe refuge..
More commonly they are viewed as "lazy" or "unmotivated" by other people in there live. Further more the symptoms are often obscured by problems with relationships, organization, mood disorders, substance abuse, employment or other psychological difficulties.
Many argue that the reason why boys and girls are so different is because of the way they are raised and influenced by the family and society. Whereas others advocate that these differences are hereditary and come
The researcher states that borderline personality disorder is a state in which an individual is likely to suffer from frequent and sudden mood swings and experience a surge of emotions. During this period, the individual is likely to suffer from prolonged functional disturbances in their personality.
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