Various studies had been conducted linking these manifestations of the body, face, and eyes on the social processes that a person presents in the society.
Through observational method of behavioural research, the different patterns of behaviour will be measured and analysed according to the its meanings identified by the researchers themselves. On the other hand, adult behaviours are often observed than that of the children's behaviours, as much as psychologists observe infant development.
In a behavioural teaching programme designed to increase the extent to which a three-year old child makes eye contact with his mother during a play session, there are but various considerations that must be recognized to find out the appropriateness and accuracy of the study.
During infancy, children's skills to establish eye contact are determined by the way in which the people around them are able to look at them directly. Ferroni et al (2002) found that upon growing up, infants inhabit the same social skills - that is establishing eye contact - among adults.
One of the problems that may arise in assessing the amount of eye contact three-year old children makes towards adults is their ability to establish one. Children at they age are easily disturbed by any sound or object they observe within the room being observed. Furthermore, the presence of adults, especially when there are no other children surrounding them intimidates them, thus avoiding eye contact. It is at the same time a stage in which children assesses the other person in conversation with them, prohibiting them the ability to fully express themselves, thus establishing eye contact as well.
Three-year olds at the same time do not initiate conversations lest hey participate in a conversation or most significantly in a play session where there are expected to initiate the conversation. Conversation between the researcher or the parent with the children are deemed appropriate in the study such that conversation encourages eye contact in order to pay attention to what the other is talking about.
Children at this stage are prone from imitating an adult's expression as well as their gaze, thus, once the other looks at a different direction, children may follow suit.
It is also important to take note that the behavioural pattern of children, especially in conversation, differ from that of his or her parents and from strangers. Children establish more eye contact to individuals whom they have known for quite some time than those whom they have just met. This difference might create a conflict before and after the research. Results may be contradicting such that the child may behave differently during the actual programme.
An appropriate coding scheme is necessary In order to limit the ways in which results may be cont