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Ethics: Psychological Egoism and Ethical Egoism - Essay Example

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Unraveling the differences is a matter of understanding that ethical egoism is about ‘should’, while psychological egoism is about ‘is’, this is just how people are. Nothing a psychological egoist does can be accepted as other than from a selfish desire to satisfy their own needs, whereas the ethical egoist may act in many ways which help others, even while focusing on their own welfare as the ultimate goal. This is the main difference; the pursuit of that goal does not make them selfish, as they do benefit others while looking out for number one. Psychological egoists, on the other hand, will pursue desires not always in their best interests, such as drinking or eating too much, driven by the need for immediate gratification, seeing no long term negatives or goods they might achieve, an nobody else matters.

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Summary

Moral theories, ethics, values and psychological definitions appear to be so interwoven as to make it difficult to unravel where one begins and another ends. This essay will examine the definitions of both moral theories, their differences, fallacies, and motivation. …
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