She says she has been extremely busy, and that has not had time to work with the other departments. In her defence, she states that other people are not interested in what she is doing, and she is a silent observer. In addition, she blames others for a mistake and asserts herself as an expert. In her view, things would have been different if she did the task. When the boss praises both women on planning and prioritizing, exaggerates her ways of planning so as to seek admiration from the boss. Moreover, she wants to exert the notion that her planning and prioritizing skills have been of immense significance to the company. Jeanette is so confident of her work that when she does not receive a perfect five score, it certainly affects her self-esteem. Thus, she wants to work extra hard to show that she is the best. Hormuth (2010) states the three theories of self-concept maintenance as self-evaluation theory, self-discrepancy theory and affective forecasting theory. These theories focus on the ways in which self-concept affect how different individuals feel about themselves. The theories can be used to explain the different behaviours an individual exhibits in presentation, monitoring and regulation when placed in social situations. People are always concerned with their appropriate self-presentation, which is ruled by the individual’s self concept that is an invariable consideration. The theories also explore the cognitive representation of the self, and how the knowledge people have regarded themselves affects their association and behaviour. Self-evaluation theory explores the relationship between self performance and another individual’s performance in relation to areas that are deemed of high relevance. When another worker performs better than a person in an area of high relevance; this may result in the reduction of the person’s self-esteem. Affective forecasting theory explores the various ways in which individuals attempt to predict their prospects and how they will make them feel. People with high self-esteem usually exhibit a more positive attitude regarding their capabilities to achieve their objectives and stay on top (Schwartz, 2011). Self-discrepancy theory examines the three sides of self: ought self, the actual and the ideal self. This theory asserts that the difference between the ideal self and actual self develops a sense of failure in achieving objectives and usually forecasts depression. Baumeister and Finkel (2010) note that discrepancies between the ought self and actual self concentrates on shunning unconstructive consequences and frequently results in anxiety. Thus, the failure to achieve in accordance with the ideal self and the ought self generate unconstructive emotions and reduces self-esteem. The self-evaluation theory explains Jeanette behaviour when she tries to explain that the packaging error was not her fault. Packaging was an area of high relevance to Jeanette, and it affected her that she had failed to effectively achieve her objectives. It is a blow to her self-esteem since she considers she would have done a better job had she not delegated the task. In addition, the self-discrepancy theory may also account for anxiety that Jeanette may have harboured due to the consequences of delegating the packaging task to Ken. An error arises due to negligence of duty, which she perceives not to be
Self-Concept Maintenance Theories Name: Institution: Jeanette exhibits narcissism in the transcript. According to Crisp and Turner (2010), narcissism is a personality disorder in which individuals have a profound need for respect and admiration and an exaggerated feeling of their own significance…
The main aims of developing theories of punishment if to provide the reasons for the necessity of punishment and the extent of the imposition of punishment. Many controversies and debates surround the various justifications of punishments. The aim of this paper is to describe in detail, the various theories of punishment.
These concepts are broadly defined in their metaparadigm, and such metaparadigms comprise of several major concepts.Such metaparadigms are considered to be the boundaries or limits of any practice. This is not much different in the nursing practice.
The socialization process, imbibes the notion of right and wrong, with regard to our actions, and defines individuals by assigning them gender roles. These roles are assigned to us since birth, and throughout our lives, the socialization process, continues to teach us the difference between proper and inappropriate behavior, particularly with regard to gender roles; their surrounding environment; the rules, laws, norms and customs which we are obliged to follow etc., among others (Beal, 1994; Burn, 1996; Tischler, 2010).
According to the report everyone has an inherent need for self-knowledge. One can be curious about his identity and that includes basic facts about him, his family and cultural background and how these have shaped him into the person he is, his personality and how he deals with people and circumstances. This totality of self-knowledge is known as Self-concept.
The general systems theories in particular encompass the human concept and explain the concept of systems, how they came about and the interconnecting factors in them (Skyttner, 2001). The underlying concept theme is the notion of interaction and the emergence among units.
The academic research on domestic violence, and its effects on children, is not too old. As a result of this, we only have limited researches on this problem as compared to its existence, which is as old as they come. Families have faced this challenge for a long time. Domestic abuse and violence is an old concept but the effect on the children in that family has been noticed and studied only recently.
According to studies, metaparadigm concepts of nursing include concepts like humanity, health, nursing, and environment (Gunther, 2011). These are vital concepts as described by nursing theorists. In my personal perspective, these concepts of nursing play an important role in the life and survival of human beings.
The knowledge about oneself is very important in life because it makes people to understand the relation between themselves and their social world and dealings with the other people. This should be developed in the childhood and it helps in emerging the cognitive skills of the child.
In simple words, it can be explained as the way one thinks about oneself and about how one should think, behave and act out one’s various life roles.
The prominent figures who gave birth to this concept are Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. In
5 pages (1250 words)Research Paper
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