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Moral Psychology Paper - Essay Example

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Moral Psychology Paper

They point out that non-trivial numbers of individuals are evil (Russell, 2006). Evil is a notion that is applied in daily moral discourse, although these uses are always varied as well as contentious. It should be noted that a given action might be said to be evil when the action is capable of causing harm, which is undeserved. Evil people are in existence and they are sometimes defined as those individuals who have betrayed their own personhoods and have succumbed to their internal wickedness. There are various schools of thought that define evil individuals, for instance, Kekes, (2005), Card (2002), Singer (2004), and Cole (2006), state that evil persons actually exist while on the other hand, Haybron (2002a), Kekes (1990), and Garrard (2002), state that there are very few evil individuals. Singer (2004) as well as Kekes (2005) further state that these evil individuals deserve very strong moral condemnation. When an individual is considered an evil person, then if this individual does something wrong, it will be very easy or the wrong action he has committed to be explained (Cole, 2006; McGinn, 1997; and Kekes, 1990). Morton (2004) and Formosa (2008) also state that not all evildoers should be treated as evil people simply because although their actions are evil, they may not have been intentional and therefore, these individuals should be given the benefit of doubt. Wolfendale (2007) however, states that an individual is capable of becoming evil through their evil actions because by making these actions a habit, he ceases to view them as wrong and they instead become a part of his everyday life resulting in this individual becoming evil. Haybron (2002a) and Card (2002), an evil person is capable of becoming good despite the fact that it is a very hard thing for this person to do. Similarly, it should be noted that not all evil people would attempt or intend to do evil actions. Violence, hostility, as well as hatred are some of the evils that can be found almost everywhere within our present society and most of these are as a result of human nature. Evil is present in our daily lives and it will doubtless continue to exist amongst individuals for as long as the human race continues to exist and this is an undeniable fact that we have to come to terms with. In almost all the cultures around the world, there is a word for evil and each culture has various degrees of defining it. Within most cultures and societies however, evil is always described as something that is capable of bringing distress, sorrow or calamity to the society besides bringing misfortune, suffering, as well as wrongdoing. The word evil is always closely linked with rage, anger, as well as with violence. However, in the present world, a number of individuals are not comfortable with this outmoded concept. The discomfort of a number of individuals lies mainly in the theological as well as religious insinuations of evil, based on ethics, values, as well as morals that several individuals in the present world find narrow, judgmental, as well as old-fashioned. In secular societies, individuals tend to shun the biblical characterizations of wickedness, sin, iniquity, and evil in general. Some individuals, however, state that evil is an occurrence that truly exists in the society and it can only apply to human beings because it is a common belief that animals do not know anything concerning evil and ...Show more

Summary

Introduction There can be very little doubt that evil is in existence, it is my belief that “evil skeptics” should not be cynical concerning morality. Moreover, they might as well be complete realists concerning moral properties as well as propositions instead of stating that evil people are not in existence or by stating that such people may be very few…
Author : gregorioolson
Moral Psychology Paper essay example
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