Crime and Offending Behaviour – Criminology Viewpoint Subject: Professor: May 2, 2013 Crime and Offending Behaviour – Criminology Viewpoint Introduction Criminology concepts can resolve crime and offending behavior. The research delves on the criminology concepts of crime and offending behaviour…
The question focuses on the reasons why some individuals engage in criminal acts. The question also centers on the reasons why some individuals fall easy prey to criminal elements. The same question ventures into the United Kingdom’s crime prevention priorities. The question includes the nation’s focus on the rehabilitation of the convicted felons. Three Issues The state can reduce the crime statistics by focusing on three issues. The first issue is the determination of the causes of crimes. The second issue scrutinizes the nation’s crime rates. The third issue is the state’s responsibility to rehabilitate the incarcerated criminals. The three issues will significantly lessen the crime statistics. First Issue For the first issue, criminology offers its own concepts on the causes and other areas of crime and offending behavior. One of the criminology concepts of crime states that economic reasons can trigger the next crime incident. British Criminologists Paul Walton and Jock Young reiterated that society is the major factor that triggers the onset of crimes (as cited in Donnermeyer, 2008). People who do not have money are forced to rob stores, banks, individuals. With the criminals’ illegal acquisition of stolen money, the felons can buy food, cars, homes, and other objects. Money often forces people to kill, maim, or kidnap hapless victims. Money gives the criminals a sense of self-sufficiency (Engdahl, 2008). Further, Gloria Lavcok (2009) emphasized that three elements must crop up for a crime to prosper. One element is the willing or defenseless victim. A strong person can easily overpower a weak offender, preventing the crime from occurring. The second element is the motivated criminal. Without the criminal, the crime will not crop up. The third element is the opportunity or absence of security measures. Without the opportunity, a criminal act will not occur. One security measure that will discourage the motivated offenders from raping the teenager is the girl’s guardian nearby, who will protect the targeted child. Furthermore, another criminology concept of crime states that opportunity increases crime occurrences. With the advent of the internet, cybercrimes rates started to increase. Cybercrimes include the hacking of the online victims’ credit card information and other personal information. Crimes often crop up when security is lax or absent. Leaving the victims’ keys inside an open car to buy a cigar across the street entices criminals to car nap the motor vehicle. Leaving the customers’ wallet on the restaurant table will persuade the thieves to snatch the unwatched wallet. Rapes are reduced when a lady is accompanied by several male relatives (Farrell, 2010). Second Issue For the second issue, the state must punish convicted felons. The state can impose minor fines on convicted criminals. For second or additional repeated offenses, the state can impose stiffer fines. For persistent violators, the state can incarcerate the offenders (Farrell, 2010). For major crimes, the state can impose significant fines. For certain major crimes, the state can incarcerate the offenders for a few years. For capital crimes, the state can impose lifetime imprisonment. Different types of crime call for different rehabilitation types (Stummvoll, 2009). Of similar importance, the state must educate the public on how to avoid being victimized. The state can inform the citizens to avoid certain ...
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Since 2737 B.C., the mystic Emperor Shen Neng of China was recommending marijuana tea to cure “gout, rheumatism, malaria and… poor memory” (Stack & Suddath, 2009). Marijuana found its way to the United States in the early 17th century, when settlers transported the plant to Jamestown, Virginia to produce hemp (Lu, 2012).
Even so the sustained characterization of crime as a masculine pursuit has occupied researchers for some time. Over the last few decades the connection between crime and masculinity has become increasingly significant in criminology studies (Summer 2004, p.
For most criminals and former convicts, finding their place in normal society has been considered a difficult process because of personal and societal issues. Opinions differ in relation to the issue of effective re-socialization among former convicts with various criminologists arguing that it is possible for former convicts to become normal citizens and participants in political and community matters (Laub and Sampson, 2001).
Is offending behaviour foreseeable from social indicators?
In other words, social indicators serve as the guiding stars in respect of demonstrating the future scenario of society on the foundations of the current or contemporary era situation prevailing all around (Prior & Paris, 2006:4-5).
Other themes in the paper include minimization and denial of female sexual offending, theoretical foundations such as the chivalry hypothesis and the biological arguments, as well as gender norms, particularly attitudes to female aggression and violence. Finally, the paper will outline the different typologies associated with female sexual offenders and issues on concealment of their offending behaviour.
Crime is blamed on nefarious criminal subcultures operating in the shadows of polite society. Crime must be prevented by throwing its perpetrators in prison and throwing away the keys. A careful examination of the relevant literature demonstrates the folly of such myths.
Women and girls continue to face violent acts that tortures and maims their psychological, physical, sexual and economic well-being. Domestic violence is when an intimate partner, family member or an ex-partner dominates physically or psychologically the other
The real problem is with the first time offenders, who commit crimes in a fit of anger. Such offenders should not be allowed to interact with the hardened criminals in the prison and guided through reformation and rehabilitation courses, given direction and
tem of criminal justice has a due reliance on the link established between specific illegal behaviors as well as the obvious application of painful and punitive sanctions. These are generally inclusive of the elimination of various freedoms as well as exposure to various living
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