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Sufism: Contemporary challenges facing Sufis in Egypt - Dissertation Example

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Sufism: Contemporary challenges facing Sufis in Egypt

It is worth mentioning that the term ‘Sufism’ embraces the philosophy and practices which aim at direct communication between God and man. Accordingly, those people practising Sufism are known as Sufi (Nasir & Malik, 2013). In the similar context, Schielke (2007) states that from 14th century to 19th century Sufism was central to Islamic devoutness in Egypt. The ruling groups in Egypt were strongly attached to Sufism and until 19th century it maintained close but stressed contact with the tradition of scholarship expressed by Al-Azhar (Schielke, 2007; Nahas, 1982.). Responsively, Chittick (2006) argues those people who use the word Sufism in a positive sense is embedded with the broad range of ideologies propounded by prophet Muhammad (Chittick, 2006). Furthermore, ‘Sufism’ as a religious and mystical existence within the Islamic tradition has widely been subjected to the strains of modernisation experienced across the Muslim world. However, it can be argued that principle of Sufism teaches people to explore the thoughts beyond the veils of darkness as well as it bestow people respect and reverence for other people. It can be stated that Sufism is extremely important in the modern world as it emphasise on purity of souls and discourages people to engage in any inhuman behaviour (Bruinessen & Howell, 2007; Ohtsuka, 1990). According to Raudvere & Stenberg (2008), in the contemporary religious life, Sufism and Sufi ceremonials are one of the few areas where Islam has had an influence on late contemporary spiritual manifestation. The correspondences of Sufi order to political parties were further postulated. In relation to contemporary Sufism, it has been stated that Sufi orders are emerging as trans-local in Mandaville’s accepting of the concept, far from limited to a specific state only (McCants, 2012; Raudvere & Stenberg, 2008). Rosander & Westerlund (1997) assert that election to a great extent is regulated by the Sufi leaders’ instructions to the supporters and the spiritual authority in order to help the economic and religious leaders to communicate with government. It was propagated that political establishment and the religious elite are closely related but mostly in a concealed manner. Sufism is also exists in Sunni and Shi’i communities. The path followed by Sufi longs for ensuring explicit experience of God (Pinto, 2003). In this regard, Brown (2011) argues that the continuum of political Islam within Egypt is no further restricted to Muslim Brotherhood and the parties that spring from it. In its place, the political Islam in Egypt includes Salafi parties and Sufi parties which have been able to influence the political Islam in Egypt to a considerable extent (Brown, 2011). According to Hoffman (2009), Sufism possesses an important position in the Islamic spirituality (Hoffman, 2009). Thus, this proposed dissertation intends to analyse the concept of Sufism and the contemporary challenges facing Sufis in Egypt. The dissertation also aims at exploring the broad aspect of Sufism in various contexts of Egypt. Correspondingly, these broad aspects intended to be analysed in this dissertation will encompass, identifying pathway of Sufism and their spiritual activities followed by representing the modern day practices of Sufis. Furthermore, this dissertation will aim at analysing Sufi orders in contemporary Egypt and their influence on society. The proposed disserta ...Show more
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Sufism: Contemporary Challenges Facing Sufis in Egypt Table of Contents Research Question 3 Research Focus 3 Literature Review 5 Methodologies 6 Chapter Outlines 7 Work Schedule 9 References 11 Research Question “How do manifestations of Sufism differ, or not, from modern Islamic movements?…
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