In most Islamic countries, the anti-Semitic attitudes felt can be alluded to some underlying cause, but in Indonesia, the cause is just because of the country’s affiliation with Islam and the general dissatisfaction in the country. This paper will trace the history of anti-Semitism in Indonesia; give the relationship of the anti-Semitism with Islam and the factors that have contributed to the discrimination of minorities in the country. History of Jews in Indonesia According to Hadler (2004), after the discovery of raw materials and other resources in the 17th century by the Dutch, the development of the island was mainly helped by the Dutch Jews present then. Some of the earliest history indicates that the first Jewish settlement was first developed in the Sunda Island as early as 1850, and in that period, most of the Jews in the country were either of Dutch or German descent. These Jews lived primarily in Jakarta, Indonesia, and in that period, the first efforts were done to organize the Indonesian Jews into one community. However, these efforts failed, and the few families that lived there remained scattered. Later, in the early 1900s, arrivals of Jews from other countries like the Netherlands led to the formation of different Jewish centers in the country. As early as 1921, it is estimated that as many as 2,000 Jews lived in the main Jewish settlement or congregation in Surabaya. Most of these were originally the Baghdadi Jews who moved into the country. In these settlements, the Jews in then Indonesia were mainly traders or operated financial institutions in the country. After the Nazi scourge in the 1930s, more Jews arrived in Indonesia to escape Hitler’s war, but in the late 193os, the arrival of the Japanese
Anti-Semitism in Indonesia Introduction From research, it is evident that, in the pre-colonial East Indies and Modern Indonesia, there is a history of minority presence of Jews and anti-Semitic expression. The country itself is predominantly Muslim, with at least 90% of the population being practicing Islam (Hadler, 2004)…
Indonesia has a land area of 1,904,569 square kilometers. A country exploding with energy, on Indonesia’s landmass rests more than 76 volcanoes, the majority of them active. Rich natural resources place Indonesia in an enviable position with petroleum, coal, gold, silver and natural gas as a few of the revenue-earning exports.
This disaster resulted to the death of about 130, 000 Indonesians and more than 37, 000 missing and presumed to be dead and destroyed properties and structures close to US4.5 billion (Leitmann, 2007). On May 2006, another earthquake stunned the country in Java Island located south of Bantul district in the urban province of Yogyakarta.
On the other hand, Retnowati (1987, P. 5) says from 1954 to 1959, he served as the commander of the division of Diponegoro which was responsible for Yogyakarta and central Java provinces. During this tenure as president, he developed a strong relationship with prominent Muslim businessmen like Bob Hassan – a relaionship that extended throughout his presidential period (Retnowati, 1987, P.
Their homes and churches are invaded and confiscated. In addition, hundreds or thousands every year are martyred -- sometimes by mobs and other times by governments. Religious persecution is a treatment to create an “other. In a way, these Indonesian Christians felt they are an “outcast.
worked to distribute aid to survivors of that earthquake (Sidel 274). The MMI initiated its work from the ?Iskandar Muda Air force base in Banda Aceh city under the leadership of Abu Bakar Bashir. ?The activists having links with Bashir followed him not only on political grounds but also joined ?
The riots were first associated with political issues, before developing to serious uprising that saw Indonesian Chinese ethnicity humiliated, with specific areas of Jakarta, Medan, solo, and areas of Surabaya strongly affected (Panggabean and Smith 231).
The company created this product, which comprised of green extracts in order to offer consumers a product with vital vitamins for boosting natural energy. The company carried out market research analysis of the present beverage market industries in Indonesia and realized that there was a need to create a product to consumers who lead active lifestyles; thus offering them a product that prevents fatigue and drowsiness.
s, equipment and machinery, agricultural products like timber, coffee and cocoa, minerals such as tin, nickel and copper (Indonesia Country Monitor, 2012). The export markets include Japan, United States of America and china which accounts for greater exports for raw materials.
The paper will further look at how and why these challenges would affect the company in the country.
Among the challenges that Paulaner Brewery would face in Indonesia is lack of a sustainable market. Home to the world’s largest
2 pages (500 words)Research Paper
Get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Didn't find an essay?
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to email@example.com