StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Christian Democracy - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Christian Democracy

We combine the principle of centralization and that of popular sovereignty.
Christian Democracy had, for all intents and purposes, begun with the immediate pre-war period. Thus, unlike political movements like socialism, or even liberalism, Christian Democracy became an important political force before it had matured ideologically. As a result, the development of its ideology was inhibited by the pressures of political responsibility. The Italian Christian Democratic Party, for example, was founded in 1943 and came to power in 1948. It was never able to develop its autonomous self separately from a close and intimate relationship with the state.
The Christian Democratic phenomenon raises several puzzles: the contradiction between these parties' religious roots and their enduring success in the heart of one of the most secular social environments in the world, western Europe; the success of religion in structuring impressively successful political parties at a time of general secularization and decline of the institutional power of the church; the translation of religion, a supposedly premodern cleavage, into mass parties, the modern political weapon par excellence; the emergence of confessional parties in some countries but not in others; the domination (and often monopolization) of the bourgeois political space by confessional parties; the integration into...
Solving these puzzles requires a theory of Christian Democracy. Such a theory should specify the conditions under which parties that appeal to voters on religious grounds form and succeed; account for the failure of such parties to emerge in seemingly favourable environments; and determine the impact of confessional parties on the politics of the societies in which they operate and the ways in which they shape the relationship of religion and politics. (Stathis, p.2)

European Scenario
One of the initial problems that European Christian Democratic leaders had to overcome was the traditional reluctance of many devout Catholics to get involved in politics. After the unification of Italy by a liberal, anticlerical movement in 1870, the popes exhorted their followers to stay aloof from politics. At the time of the virulently anti-Catholic phase of the French Revolution, many French Catholics adopted similar positions of separation and intransigence.
Both the French Revolution and the Italian unification were accompanied by substantial increases in state power. This meant significantly less respect for traditional ecclesiastical prerogatives. The Church and many faithful Catholics reacted to this state usurpation by attempting to withdraw from the political system and withholding their cooperation. This attitude split the Catholic faithful, with some believers maintaining that they ought to participate in politics, even under a liberal, anticlerical state, to "Christianize" the political process. (Einaudi, 187-90)
By the beginning of the twentieth century, the official Church position toward the liberal state had softened somewhat. In 1891, Pope Leo ...Show more

Summary

Democracy is at its root an attempt by people to satisfy two seemingly contradictory (if not contradictory then at least mismatched) emotions. The first is a desire to be led. Each of us desire within our soul to have someone lead us when times get rocky. We often do not want the responsibilities that come with managing a country…
Author : ukonopelski
Christian Democracy essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Christian Democracy"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

To talk of a consolidated democracy is a myth. How far do you agree with this statement
In its initial form, democracy focused on the promotion of equality and fairness among the citizens; however, through the years, the priorities of democracy had to be changed in order to incorporate targets and interests, which were not compatible with democracy – referring to the initial rules and aims of the particular political system.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
A christian democracy
In a general sense, this political ideology is characterized by social conservatism on matters of cultural, social, political and moral issues. More specifically, it tries to apply Christian beliefs and principles to public policies in terms of governance.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Democracy and Socialism
Democracy traces its roots from way back to the Greeks with the creation of states that communities lived in. In these states, citizens had the right and duty to take administrative and policymaking duties (Ehrenberg, 1950). The Athenians then followed it in the 5th century conducting experimental democracy.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Liberal Democracy
Liberal Democracy. Acceptable governance consists of rule of law, efficient institutions of state, unhidden management and accountability of citizen issues, human rights protection and the right intervention of the public in the decision making process regarding their lives and country (Osborne, 2010, p.91).
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Economic Order and Democracy
People often work harder and more efficiently when they have a stake in the company. Unlike capitalist managers, cooperative worker/owners are also committed to keeping firms from moving to cheap-labor, low-tax havens, since their own jobs and communities are threatened by the deindustrialization f America's manufacturing base.
17 pages (4250 words) Essay
Jane Addams' Vision of Democracy
She lost her father in 1881. She realized that as she belonged to the first generation of college women, she had obligations to the society. She did not marry because in her times, it was not common for the married women to follow a career. She remained unmarried throughout her life and concentrated on whatever she chose to do.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Christian Ethics
Attention is being increasingly given to the role that moral "practices" play in the formation f virtue and adult character. William Damon quotes Spinoza's aphorism, "The palace f reasoning may be entered only through the courtyard f habit." The importance f practices in the formation f virtuous habits has gained increasing attention since Alasdair MacIntyre's After Virtue.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
What are the distinctive features of christian democracy
We, much like a good parent who cannot tell one child that he/she loves one more than the other cannot bring ourselves to destroy either desire that burns within us, so we strive to satisfy both at once. We devise a sole, and
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
HOW DEVELOPMENT LEADS TO DEMOCRACY BY RONALD INGLEHART AND CHRISTIAN WELZEL
uses to support his argument is the characteristic decline of democracy in countries where modernization is at halt such as Bangladesh, Nigeria, the Philippines, Russia, Thailand, and Venezuela along with the Bush administration’s attempts to put up democracy in Afghanistan
1 pages (250 words) Essay
What are the distinctive features of Christian democracy
More specifically, it tries to apply Christian beliefs and principles to public policies in terms of governance. However, on matters
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation