StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Book of Kells and its influence on the State of Arizona - Research Paper Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Book of Kells and its influence on the State of Arizona

It contains full pages of extraneous decoration for the canon tables; symbols and text of the evangelists Matthew (the Man), Mark (the Lion), Luke (the Calf) and John (the Eagle); the opening words of the Gospels; the Virgin and Child; a portrait of Christ, and complex narrative scenes such as the earliest to survive in gospel manuscripts which corresponds the arrest of Christ and his temptation by the Devil. The word Christ has been abbreviated with letters Chi Rho in medieval manuscripts and Chi Rho page is the most famous page in medieval art which introduces Matthew’s account of the nascence. However, the book is not a full copy of the Vulgate and contains a number of variations from the Vulgate and also some uncorrected errors. It is assumed that around 30 folios of the text had been lost in the medieval and early modern periods and some pages are deteriorated.3 According to experts, the handwriting differs throughout the text therefore the artwork seemed to have produced by at least three different artists.4 Today the manuscript contains 340 folios with 330 by 250mm dimensions, and scriptures are written with a range of pigments including yellow, red, green, purple and black. The manuscript is believed to have created by Celtic monks in year 800, but the date and origin of the book has been a controversial issue. The widely accepted belief is that the text creation might have started at Iona from where it was brought to Abbey of Kells, when Vikings invaded the island of Iona, where the artwork might have been continued to be undertaken. The text was revered at Kells as a souvenir of Saint Columba throughout the medieval periods. The Book of Kells is the considered to be one of the finest manuscripts and described as “the chief treasure of the Western world”. The Annals of Ulster record stealth of the book in year 1006 and that it discovered again after many years, stripped off its ornate gold. Around 1653, the Book of Kells was sent to Dublin, Ireland for safety concerns and after few years it was brought to Trinity College, Dublin where it has been on display in library over there. The text has been bound in four volumes, since 1953, of which two volumes can commonly be seen in library, one opened to display a major decorated page, and the other to show two pages of script.5 A quote of Sir Edward Sullivan demonstrates the concept of how mind-bending the artwork of The Book of Kells: "The finest draftsmen of the entire world have tried to recreate the Chi-Rho page, and have failed." Anyone in today's modern world could not recreate it as it takes an ineffable artist working in the Middle Ages to create something.6 However, in 1951, the first facsimile of the Book of Kells was produced by a Swiss publisher, Urs Graf Verlag Bern, in black-and-white photographs and color reproductions as well. Second facsimile in full color was produced in 1974 by photographers Thames and Hudson in Dublin, and included all the full-page detailed illustrations and also an ornamentation representative section in the manuscript. In the 1980s, Faksimile-Verlag Luzern produced with permission from Trinity College, ...Show more


The Book of Kells Being veritably artistic masterwork of Western calligraphy, the Book of Kells is an illuminated manuscript which contains the four Gospels of the New Testament in Latin delineated from the Vulgate text in concert with several prefatory texts including canon tables…
Author : bartellvernon
The Book of Kells and its influence on the State of Arizona essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"The Book of Kells and its influence on the State of Arizona"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Globalization and its affects on the State of Maine
This same insulation, however, stops Maine from being able to take advantage of emerging markets. Competition from globalization slashes price downwards, which harms companies in Maine but benefits consumers. Introduction Globalization is without a doubt one of the most economic forces in the world today.
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Arizona Immigration Law
This position paper seeks to explore the pros and cons of the Arizona Immigration Law. This law has various pros, firstly, the fact that an attempt will be made to verify whether a suspect is in the country legally or not, before further action, shows an effort to respect human rights.
7 pages (1750 words) Research Paper
The Abolitionist Movement and its Influence on the Civil War
Originally in the 15th century, the idea was believed in by a small group of people who disagreed with the thought of a human being considered as a possession. They were against the whole idea of there being a market for slaves, of the process of bidding, buying and selling of actual persons as if they were animals or just a piece of furniture.
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Miranda v arizona
hts to not be abused by law enforcement and to not self-incriminate is an important function both in terms of maintaining democracy and in ensuring human rights. In the United States, this need was recognized through looking at English common law, based on the Magna Carta, which
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Capital Financing for the state of Arizona
Soft Capital funding is used for K-12 schools. Rollover Repayment system is also in use in Arizona. Charter schools in Arizona are having two main issues, namely duplicate operational funding and duplicate capital funding. Hence, the Building Renewal Grant Funds are
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
State budget cuts influence on students
The items selected for the survey sought to determine among other things financing of education by college students, the utility of education to students, the cost
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Campus Sustainability ( university of arizona )
As a result of climate change that causes negative effects to the environment, sustainability has the capacity to resist change. This improves the reliability and quality of the ecosystems. In addition, it facilitates the maintenance of forests and rivers which
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Arizona Real Estate Market

This paper discusses Arizona’s real estate market crash. Arizona’s real estate market was thriving and bringing revenue when it crashed. The crash was caused by several factors, which had not been foreseen. The economy of Arizona largely depended on the real estate market.

6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Arizona Real Estate Market
Economists argue that the 2007 housing market crash is the worst ever-housing crash experienced in the history of the United States. In fact, economists argue that the real estate crash of 2007 was partly to
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Energy Supply Sustainability in Arizona State
Sustainability is a concept of great interest in the energy circles. The essence of it is to ensure that there is adequate and reasonable consumption for the present without compromising the prospects of the future (Wiek 432). Thus, Energy sustainability is really about the continuity of sufficiency and reliability of a resource, such as electricity and water
7 pages (1000 words) Research Paper
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Book of Kells and its influence on the State of Arizona for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
  • About StudentShare

  • Testimonials

  • FAQ

  • Blog

  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays

  • The Newest Essay Topics
Join us:
Contact Us