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Religion and Theology
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Name Course Institution Date EAST AND WEST Pope is a term from Greek word “papas”, which means “father”. In the historical Christian beliefs, the word “father” signified respect and honor preserved to the top most preachers who were bishops or casual priests.
It is then that Jesus named Simon his chief disciple, giving him the name Peter meaning “rock”. At the point of the naming, Jesus blessed Simon and made his promise of building an everlasting and Holy Church upon the “rock” that was Simon Peter. Upon the death of Jesus Christ, Simon Peter became the Chief priest and head of the other disciples to spearhead the apostolic era spread of the Gospel. It then happened that Simon Peter became the first person among the disciples to establish the very first church in Rome (Dowley 195). As believed by many Catholics, the murder of Peter took place in Rome, where he also served as the head of Christians in the region and across the world. Guettee notes that many Christian believers and particularly Catholics believe that the Roman bishop received Peter’s mantle to lead the Christian flock across the world. Catholics also believe that before Peter died, he entrusted the bishop of Rome with the responsibilities of building and caring for established Church. With the existing belief and honor granted to the bishop of Rome as the leader and head of largest section of the Christian Church, and as an attribute to Peter, Adrian I declared himself as the Pope, a trend matured by Nicholas I and upheld further by King Gregory VII. Episcopacy is a form of government organization developed to rule the church (Dowley 196.). ...
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