Subject Position and Discourse Analysis

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According to Davies and Harre in 1990, Subject position includes a range and place for persons inside the structure of rights for the people that use the said range. When a person takes up a position as his own, that individual will view the world around him or her from that position in terms of such storylines images, concepts and metaphors that are relevant inside the specific discursive practice that such person is positioned.


The Person Peter Smith is in seven situations all at the same time.
Subject positioning is the constant shifting from one position to another because a person has many subject positions in one discourse. A person, in a small group gathering, could be the mother to a daughter, an Asian woman to a white man, a fat person to a slim one, a Florida resident to a Virginian and the like. Discourses are then constructed to fit the given situation or position a person is in. The defining in positive of one position will generate the "other" position automatically. The woman position means there is a man position. Fraser said that Hegemony is the "discursive face of power".(Bingham,1994)
In a hospital situation, when a patient is being interviewed by the doctor, the doctor tries to get as much information regarding the medical history of the patient. The patient, not knowing a medical jargon, will try to explain, in a subject position of patient/doctor, her complete medical history. People will look at a pregnant woman and they will understand her body language and give her advices (Davies and Harre, 1990).
The viewer crosses the threshold of the concrete work of art. ...
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