Modern technology has created a material prosperity that is unequalled in our history. It has also created environmental threats of almost inconceivable magnitude. The build-up of carbon dioxide produced by burning coal and oil now threatens to result in a global warming trend that could cause worldwide climatic changes, including devastating droughts coupled with large-scale coastal flooding.1 Widespread industrialization has put serious strains on our energy and mineral resources; it is now believed that the production of oil, aluminium, manganese, mercury, tungsten, and zinc will peak and begin to diminish before the end of this century.
One of the ethical discussions on sustainability is the promotion of artificial products through the widespread application of genetic engineering in plants and animals, and creation of man-made ecosystem to alter the deteriorating ecological balance.
Artificial is defined as formulation of something based on natural phenomenon but is completely lacks the intrinsic value of what is natural. Conservative thinkers postulate that incorporating artificial schema on environmental context is morally unjustified because it violates the natural mechanism of things, and in religious context, it defiles the God's creation. Conversely, radical thinkers posit that the integration of artificial schema in the environment is morally permissible because it helps in the prolongation and preservation of life, especially that the world is facing a huge problems on natural resources continuous supplies.