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How should one decide what is wrong and what is right Compare and contrast the views of either Plato or Aristotle with either Kant or the utilitarians. Which view do you prefer Why - Essay Example

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How should one decide what is wrong and what is right Compare and contrast the views of either Plato or Aristotle with either Kant or the utilitarians. Which view do you prefer Why

The moral sense pertains individual particular emotional act. An act is right if the agent during the moment of action feels emotional approval towards an action. From this sense, one tends to perform an act that he or she approves. One abstains from an action that the person disapproves. Some emotions are called approval and others disapproval. In most instances, there must be some level of truth in the choice one take. Another judgment of approval may or may not be right (Shafer-Landau 88). Scholars like Aristotle, Plato, Kant, and Mill touches on the right or the wrong act as understood in ethics.
Aristotle, Plato, Kant and Mill in their works talk at different levels about making the right decision. Aristotle represents virtue ethics. Kant talks of duty ethics. Mill discusses utilitarianism. The four writers dwell on morality in their search for the right actions or highest good.
Aristotle’s view is in self-sufficiency in the fulfillment of the ultimate desire. He emphasizes on the conformity with the personal virtues. He regards happiness as an activity of the soul in accord with the perfect virtue. To him, people have to behave right to achieve happiness. As a Plato’s student, he loved to categorized things. Aristotle argues that for our actions to be moral or immoral, right or wrong, we must have a certain level of health and wealth. He adopted a scientific and empirical approach to the problems resulted from ethics.
Happiness to Aristotle is achieved by acting moderately. What is good for one person may not be right for another person. The use of reason alone may not define what is best for him (Cahn and Markie 203)
Plato, Aristotle’s teacher, states that the good or right is of the knowledge, and the evil or wrong is from the lack of knowledge. Therefore, a question of a good act is purely intellectual. He argues that there is only one right course of action. He dictates that the truth ...Show more
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The standards depend on personal values. They may be in terms of responsibilities, the public image or benefits, fairness and rights or specific virtues. Standards restrain people from anti-social…
How should one decide what is wrong and what is right Compare and contrast the views of either Plato or Aristotle with either Kant or the utilitarians. Which view do you prefer Why
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