The theory was populated by a French sociologist by the name Émile Durkheim. According to Émile Durkheim, anomie is a result of a mismatch of personal or group values and wider social values. He also claims that anomie can result from lack of social ethics that can result to moral deregulation and the lack of legitimate aspirations. In most cases in sociology, this theory is always used to illustrate the matching or integration of individual behaviors with the social practices and norms. Therefore, anomie can be said to be a mismatch and not necessarily the absence of norms. Thus, a community with little individual discretion and too much rigidity can result in a kind of anomie. This paper aims at using the theory of anomie to discuss the activities of the sex workers at the Mustang Ranch as portrayed by Alexa Albert in her book, Brothel.
When a medical student from Harvard University by the name Alexa Albert carried out a study on public-health, she had predicted the kind of results that the activity would yield. The study was conducted at the Mustang Ranch brothel in Nevada However, the results proved her predictions wrong. Having had experience in working with prostitutes with no homes in Times Square, Albert could afford to be intimate with the human devastation resulting from prostitution, and eager to see if Nevada’s brothels availed a less harmful model for a business which has been with us for the longest. The Mustang Ranch had never before allowed any outsider to access their premises. In this case, alarm of HIV/AIDS was negatively affecting the business, and the Ranch really needed to get positive publicity for its meticulous standards of sexual hygiene. Albert found herself being pulled into the lives of the women of the Mustang Ranch, and what started as a public-health project developed into something more ambitious and intimate, a six-year evaluation of the brothel ecosystem, its significance and lessons (Albert 121). During the period that Alexa Albert interacted with commercial sex workers in Nevada brothels, she was able to know the hardship’s in life that had pushed these women to this kind of tabooed profession. She was able to realize that a good number of them had gone through many hardships in life before opting for this option. As she interacts with these women, she develops a completely new point of view of exactly what they go through. Despite the fact that people in this profession are always secretive, Alexa Albert is able to acquire some of the women to share with her the experiences that led to them ending up working at the brothels (Albert 143). As much as the society highly encourages individualism in the pursuit of material and economic success, it is clearly evident that not all people are given equal opportunities to do so. Therefore, there occurs an imbalance that forces the less privileged to opt for the most convenient means possible, even if it is a crime. The same situation applies in the case of the sex workers at the Mustang Ranch. Having very few options left for them to choose from, the commercial sex workers opt for this profession because it appears to be the most convenient for their case. According to the report by Albert, most of these commercial sex workers come from the economic incapable families in the society. Anomie can also be