StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Critical and Philosophical Issues in the Social Sciences - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Critical and Philosophical Issues in the Social Sciences

Critical thinking has made its scope vast and diverse since instead of employing the traditional approach of documenting the information, it now aims at changing it altogether by integrating and utilizing information from all its sub-categories. However, there has been an unending debate and confusion over the role of critical thinking in social sciences and the core concept that it envisages. Furthermore, the need and necessity of this sort of an approach and the way it can prove beneficial for humanity and society in a broader spectrum is also often argued and deliberated. This paper sheds light on the concept of critical thinking in social sciences and its scope with reference to various influential schools of thoughts in this regard. The paper will focus on explaining the aspect of critical thinking in social science with help from definitions and relative fragmentations found in concepts from prominent theorists. Understanding Critical Thinking: To analyse what critical stands for in social science, it is important to gain an understanding about critical thinking or the element of critique in a study. The concept of critical thinking as an approach has been developing for probably hundreds of years and still the exact outline and jurisdiction that it embodies is yet to be determined precisely. (Dahms, 2011, p.5) Various theorists explain it differently. For instance, Harvey Siegal explained Critical Thinking as a direction that “is appropriately moved by reason” (Cited in Caver, 1999, p.2). Robert Ennis, on the other hand, stated that “it is a rational reflective thinking concerned with what to do or believe” (Cited in Caver, 1999, p.2). Kathleen Caver (1999, p.2) is of the opinion that Ennis’ definition is more widely applicable and relatable to the concept of critique in social science because it “can be readily applied to all disciplines and the day-to-day conduct of personal affairs.” Therefore, in its simplest form critical thinking can be defined as a process of applying principles in an order that such judgments could be derived which bring forth a positive and productive change in the society. (Seiler, 2013) Paradigm in this context is of paramount importance because critical thinking requires model in all sorts of forms, that is, theoretical, observational and transcendental. Thomas Kuhn in his scientific cult like masterpiece “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” informed that a Paradigm in critical thinking is an open-end prototype that is found in ‘great works’ such as Newton’s Principia. (Cited in Forster, 1998) Kuhn argued that critical thinking requires analysing beyond expectations, observations and logic and therefore great works were left by scientists’ for their predecessors to dig deeper and resolve the dilemma (Cited in Forster, 1998). According to Kuhn, to employ a critical approach into a study, theories, principles and values offered by previous researches may be utilized as a paradigm of normal science however; critical analysis is not completely dependent upon these forms of information. Kuhn stated: “A paradigm (though resisting change) is playing an essential role in allowing a scientist to recognize something as anomalous, as contrary to expectation, and this is an important precondition for discovery.” ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Critical and Philosophical Issues in the Social Sciences Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/sociology/114553-critical-and-philosophical-issues-in-the-social
(Critical and Philosophical Issues in the Social Sciences Essay)
https://studentshare.net/sociology/114553-critical-and-philosophical-issues-in-the-social.
“Critical and Philosophical Issues in the Social Sciences Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/114553-critical-and-philosophical-issues-in-the-social.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

Exploring the Dogma of Critical Thinking in Social Sciences By: Presented To: Subject: Sociology Institution: Date Introduction: Social science, after a prolonged period of relative dormancy, emerged as an equally inquisitive, exciting and analytics oriented field of study as others such as Medical Science…
Critical and Philosophical Issues in the Social Sciences
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Critical and Philosophical Issues in the Social Sciences"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Social sciences
Disciplines such as geometry and psychology were intermixed and practiced by the same communities (Anissimov) Social science is the “branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society” (Social science).
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Social sciences/ Sciology
5. Conclusion I. THE ENLIGHTENMENT and PROGRESS The Enlightenment according to Kant is man’s leaving his incapacity to utilize his own intelligence without the help of another person. He challenges the people of his time by these words ‘Dare to know’.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
What is Philosophy Philosophical Issues
What is Philosophy?  1.) Which of the philosophical issues covered this semester has been the most important and why so?   Among all the various philosophical issues that have been covered this semester, I consider Ethics as the most important. While the study of Metaphysics and Epistemology are the core important issues in philosophy, Ethics is considered an issue that is close to the daily problems that people deal with, and that is a matter that should not be overlooked.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Philosophical Underpinnings - Supply Chain Management
This is expected to improve the use of these of these research methods by the researcher and the improvement of the process being researched on. Considerations of the research will be on the philosophical assumptions, qualitative, quantitative and pragmatic claims.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Health and social sciences
The study is being conducted keeping in view the challenges faced by a multicultural society like the UK. The main purpose behind studying the health phenomenon in purview of both disciplines above-mentioned includes the measurement of the significance of applying these perspectives for creating a pleasant and accommodating environment in the workplace as well as for the fast and comprehensive treatment and subsequent convalescence of the patients.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Critically discuss the value of social representations theory to the social sciences in particulary to the science of history
The relationship between science and social theory as well as public communication and common sense knowledge shows how public understanding of beliefs could pertain to economics, sociology, politics, science, health and history. In this discussion I will also examine whether social representations theory has an epistemic advantage over other social theories and what are the limitations to social representation.
15 pages (3750 words) Essay
Introduction to Social Sciences
This paper aims to clearly assess hypothesis usage in social work. Many researchers claim that hypothesis helps a study to undertake specified results. It should be noted that these
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Favorite Social Sciences Book
Furthermore, it includes comprehensive exercises and techniques about studying the subject of social science and the tools that can be implemented for proper understanding of various components in social
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Philosophical aspects of qualitative research
Qualitative research involves an insight into diverse philosophical perspectives based on diverse critical theories. As emphasized by Jones, Torres and Arminio, 2013, philosophical tenets are fundamental in formulating critical theories
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Critical Review of Philosophical Paradigms
Some researchers had the conviction that it was impossible to combine paradigms from the existing methodological movements in a single study. There were many questions raised on how to combine the
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Critical and Philosophical Issues in the Social Sciences for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us