Research on social exclusion is heterogeneous. It tends to proceed from diverse to divergent descriptive paradigms. The concept of social exclusion The producers of the social policy discourse have been known to propagate the usage of the term. Social housing estates and tenants viewed as the archetypes of the concept. The usage of the term has been rampant in France and United Kingdom. The tenure of social housing has been a causal factor in social exclusion. The deliberations on social exclusion have been propagated for a long period. According to Rodgers, the term was propagated by less- industrialized societies. The term became common in the 1990s. The concept is the core in the European Union. The new labor party in the United Kingdom made social exclusion its foundational policy under Tony Blair. The European Union needed to come up with a term for innovative social policy. The term was supposed to counter stigmatization of poverty and deprivation. The term, social exclusion, appeared to be new and appealing (Geddes & Urry 2000). The poverty programs in the European Union were extremely controversial. This is because they offended the decency of language in advertising or publicizing poverty (Bernstein 2005). The people were against the idea that policies were not the responsibilities of member states of the union. Factually, communal segregation is a contested theory. Social exclusion plus poverty are not conterminous. It is possible to be excluded without being poor. According to Haan, the concept of social exclusion is related to vulnerability and relative poverty. Social exclusion in Britain has been an elective issue (Geddes & Urry 2000). According to Levitas, the promise of social inclusion drove politicians to power. The precedence of the community segregation division is to bring substantial change to areas of concentrated disadvantage (Forrest & Kearns 1999). This is to happen through implementation of regeneration initiatives. This caused the United Kingdom’s economic and social research council to adopt a concept of social integration. According to Richardson & LeGrand, scholars and researchers were getting actively involved in the concept of communal segregation in the UK. Localities with concentrated disadvantage were seen to fuel social exclusion. For social exclusion to be dealt with, the government had to come up with initiatives that would impact all social classes. This was to eliminate the presence of regions of concentrates poverty (Forrest & Kearns 1999). Social exclusion could not be fully addressed without addressing the issue of housing (Bernstein 2005). This is because it was vital in facilitating the concentration of deprived people in similar localities (Goodin 1996). In 1997, the United Kingdom government, by the labor party came up with a task force that addresses social exclusion. Social exclusion was defined by the government as the shorthand effect caused by poor areas suffers from poor housing and low incomes (Freitas 1998). This attracts high crime rates in those places and unemployment. Housing and social exclusion The responsibility of accommodation in communal segregation has come under scrutiny. Many low income earners have no access to decent housing. Housing affordability happens to be a crucial issue. In poor families, accommodation is the most important thing in the family unit financial plan (Forrest & Kearns 1999). This attracts state assistance to avert extreme conditions (Blair
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Social exclusion in relation to social housing Introduction Social exclusion signifies a new concept which is related to poverty, marginalization and deprivation. The context in which the term often used appears to be contradictory and ambiguous…
In most countries, this social exclusion has mainly been contributed by private rented sector mainly through costs, accessibility, and discrimination. However, since the government cannot manage to provide adequate housing for every citizen, private rented sector has been seen, from another perspective, as the main conduit for promoting social inclusion in social housing.
Public’s Negative Attitudes towards People with Mental Illness 7 3. Preventing Social Exclusion 8 B. Research Question 9 C. Aims and Objectives 9 Chapter 2 A. Research Methodology 11 B. Design/Proposed Method 11 C. Population/Sample 13 D. Data Collection 14 E.
Some of the entitlements which come under this type of benefit are War Disability Pension (WDP) and Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit (IIDB). Historically, the next intervention to protect the interests of the disabled was the Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit which was introduced in 1948 (DSS ,1998 a).
Introduction Social exclusion is the process whereby a rupture occurs in a social bond, in that the society fails to provide certain individuals, and groups with rights and benefits that are normally accessible to its preferred members such as employment, healthcare, housing and education among other necessities (Hunter, 2009).
Poverty and Social Exclusion
This present essay deals with the issues of poverty and social exclusion. In particular, its main objective is to clearly define or establish the true meaning of poverty and what it entails. Secondly, the essay will seek to establish how poverty differs from social exclusion.
One of the key issues that social exclusion causes is because it is in contradiction to the right to equal opportunity. Those suffering from such a social condition are not just limited from opportunities though they have the needed qualifications; they can also be prevented from attaining the qualifications needed in the first place.
The unit was established and it was decided that policies would be planned and revised every two years.
The SEU (1997) takes a somewhat wider view in its description of its remit, describing social exclusion as a "Short-hand label for what can happen when individuals or areas suffer from a concentration of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low income, poor housing, high crime, bad health and family breakdown".
This goes without saying that social exclusion can be a killing and extremely devastating sort of a tragedy for even a normal person, and people who are already mentally disturbed, they unequivocally need more support from the society, in order to make them better able to stand up and face the problems.
According to the report the Social Exclusion Unit describes social exclusion as “a shorthand label for what can happen when individuals or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health and family breakdown”.