Most of the asylum seekers are scattered throughout Britain to areas that have had little experience of working with refugees.
And, Lucas has researched on the two-way interplay between international migration and economic development in lower income countries(Lucas, 2005). Furthermore, The four major migration segments are a) migration to Western Europe from the Eastern European transition economies and from the African territories, b) contract workers in the Persian Gulf from South and Southeast Asia, c) the "brain drain" to North America, and d) migration within East and Southeast Asia.
A recent analysis published(No author, 2006) by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (the so-called Dublin Foundation) disagreeably states that generally the level of mobility in the European Union is not that low as compared with trends in the United States. The real danger for the European Union lies in the huge disparities between the member states. Evidently, more than thirty percent of US citizens do not live in the state in which they were born, whereas twenty one percent have already lived in a region or country other than their own in the European Union
Asylum seekers and refugees have been the subject of much media and political attention over recent months, but they are often misrepresented. In the first paper in this series we discuss the reasons that cause people to go into exile and the situation in which they find themselves as refugees in the United Kingdom. In subsequent papers we will examine the health needs of refugees, appropriate care and responses, the specific health effects of torture and organised violence, the needs of health workers, and the structural organisation of health services.
Under the terms of the 1951 Geneva Convention, a refugee(Schuster,2003) is defined as any human being who, "owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return it."
The United Kingdom, as a member of the European Convention on Human Rights, prohibits the use of torture or other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. This clause forms part of the new Human Rights Act. Human rights is an absolute right that cannot be restricted in any circumstances. The United Kingdom has signed the United Nations Convention against Torture. This prohibits expulsion to a territory where people may be tortured. The group Amnesty estimates that torture is occurring in 132 countries, approximately or sixty six percent of all countries.
As the European Union, according to the Economist journal, expanded in May 2004, only three of its existing 15 members welcomed migrant workers from Eastern Europe(No author, 2006). Further, only Britain was the large country that opened its labour market to foreigners together with Ireland and Sweden. The United Kingdom did not impose restrictions lasting up to seven years. This unselfish decision allowed eager citizens from Poland, to spread out to vegetable fields,