Marriage as such is an aspect of significant importance to the followers of Islam. Sex is an integral part of marriage sanctified by religion. However the bias of the religion towards the male gender may give cause for lack of sexual gratification. Sexual problems do lead to divorces in the Muslim world. Addressing the problems relating to sexual relations and sexual behaviour among Muslims, poses a challenge for sex therapists from the religion induced factors. For more successful approaches to addressing sexual relations and sexual behaviour issues among the followers of Islam an understanding of the individual and the impact of the dominant religious factors on the individual is essential in sex therapy.
Sexual activity is essential to nearly all living beings, for it is through such activity that continuity of the species is ensured. Humans are not exempted from this. Thus one of the relationships that develop among humans of different sexes is sexual relationship. Such relationships are the most important of relationships among human beings and are the key to release of natural urges, namely sex.
Sexual urges and requirements are normal to the human species, but are subjected to control of religious, moral and cultural codes. Thus there are restrictions to the development of sexual relationships according to total individual satisfaction. In restrictive societies the more is the curtailment in the development of free sexual relationships
Sexual relationships in humans are often a long term commitment. Lack of individual satisfaction within the relationship is quite often the cause of the development of irritants within the relationship that could culminate in the termination of the relationship, which is to the detriment of the individuals and society. Intervention through sex and relationship therapy calls for a thorough understanding of the focal complex issues and the individuals involved in the relationship.
Satisfactory sex is a pleasurable experience that enhances the relationship between individuals, as well as the physical and mental well being of individuals. Traditionally it was believed that more than the satisfaction derived through a pleasurable sexual experience for both partners, it was procreation that led to an increased physiological and psychological functioning of the individuals. Studies are emerging to show that procreation is a less important result and satisfaction, intimacy, trust, passion and love the more important facets in the relationship. This indicates that sexual relationship between individuals is dependent on several important facets involved in the sexual activity, with the influence of procreation being the minimal of them all (Costa & Brody, 2007).
Sexual behaviour starts invariably with masturbation, but fulfilling sexual intercourse experiences reduces the reliance on masturbation. In the opinion of Costa and Brody (2007), penile-vaginal intercourse orgasms for both partners are dependent on the presence of intimacy, trust, passion and love in the relationship and the larger the frequency in satisfactory penile-vaginal intercourses the less is the reliance on masturbation.
Sexual satisfaction was earlier the domain of male partner, while the female partner remained just the vessel