(John & MacArthur, 1998)
The most common type of prejudice people hold is sex discrimination. This type in extremely prevalent in third world and conservative countries where women are subject to house work while men enjoy every kind of activities in-home and away from home. Racial and age discrimination is often found in organizations where they hesitate to employ an older person or a person from another race. Also an employer may favour a person who the employer knows or has some relations with.
Our attitudes towards people from a lesser social class are also nothing to be proud of. Poor people are always looked with a suspecting and downcast eye. This prejudice is not only held against the poor. People belonging to a lesser class also criticize the richer class for being aloof towards their needs and only enjoying their lives. While a person belonging to a poor family is subject to taunts from his/her colleagues, having a disability makes the matter even worse. A very common prejudice we hold against the disabled is that they are helpless and require sympathy, however this is false in most of the cases. (Lounsbury)
One should be objective in one's approach towards others. And this can only happen if an anti-discriminatory practise is adopted. ...
s personal problems with wider reference to oppression and discrimination based on race, gender, social class, disability, religion, sexual orientation and age". To successfully practise an anti-discriminatory policy, some of these principles must be followed.
Everyone must realize that all humans are equal. People coming from different races, creed or classes are undeniably humans and therefore are equal. Men and women may be very different physically and mentally, however, essentially we all should have equal opportunities and risks in the natural environment. The important thing here is to make others realise that culture and traditions may contradict with this ideology, but one must be steadfast in their commitment to equal treatment to everybody. (Dickins, 2002)
Another basic principle to follow in practising anti-discrimination is equity. A person must be treated according to his/her own merit. No preferential treatment must be tolerated and strict policies must be in place for such actions. Equity does not mean equality. In the context of employment, an employee must only receive that much which is deserved and what that employee has worked for. Giving lesser compensation than the work was done, would be unfair for this employee. Giving more compensation than that was worked for may be considered unfair for other employees unless such a policy is mentioned and applicable for everybody.
As we know, "people are social animals". However this does not mean that they can share information about others. Confidentiality is the key to success for every person. Information about others must be kept with oneself especially if it is confidential. Especially if a person has some negative news about a certain person, then that