"The study of communities and crime can be approached by viewing the community as either a unit of stratification or a unit of social control. The stratification framework considers the effects on aggregate crime rates of socioeconomic status variables such as poverty, unemployment and income inequality," (Shihadeh, 1994, 730). This study has tried to do it both the ways, so that it could cover a wider perspective. There are many researches that have already been conducted in this area and the studies show diverse results.
Drawing conclusions, one of the studies opine: "First is that the effects of inequality on crime will vary by type of inequality measure. The second is that the UCR arrest data appear to have reasonable validity for comparative research on the difference between the violent crime rates of blacks and whites," (Harer, 1992, 1040). So for the sake of comparison, it is necessary to focus on both black and white offending rates, and somehow most of the researchers have arrived at the conclusion that black criminality is comparatively more in the West and naturally, it should have some contributing factor that retains the criminality in the community. Sociologists and criminologists have come to the conclusion that one of the factors has to be the inequality that prevails in all the fields including the lack of opportunity.
Some writers are of the opinion that the cause is the culture and not the poverty. Because the black culture had been a criminality condoning culture, the youngsters get the impression that if they have to do well in life, they have to get the results fast and the means do not matter.
"Criminal violence in black ghettos has also been interpreted as an expression of a subculture that condones and legitimates violence because life is tough and success depends on the ability to fight and strike fast," p.115). The author argues that these people are usually from broken homes and this fact reduces the 'strong identification with societal norms' and this cannot be entirely right because broken homes do not exclusively belong only to the black community and can belong to anybody. The connection between criminality and social inequality was probed first by recent researchers. "French and Belgian researchers A.M. Guerry and Adolphe Quetelet are credited with being among the first to posit a relationship between general economic conditions and antisocial conduct ..In response, other researchers sought to show that poverty and other structural factors are more important than cultural values as causes or correlates of interpersonal violence". http://content.healthaffairs.org/cgi/reprint/12/4/80.pdf
The black criminality has become so accepted in the society that people have started believing that nothing could be done about it. This is because of the conviction that blacks, equality or no equality, will always remain at the fringe and the criminality will not vary much. "Because the relationship between blacks and robberies seems statistically so fixed, people start believing that little can be done to change it".
It is interesting to find out why such continuation of criminality exists in this community. Even though they