The public service sector is meant to serve the public. As such it is supposed to be committed to the welfare of the citizens. The public service sector is operated by the government with an aim of providing social services to the people. Unlike the private sector that is owned by individuals, the public sector is more accountable to the people…
This is not only in the UK or in Australia but all over the world. This has been due to lack of laxity among the public service since they are not accountable to any one. Although they are accountable to the public which employs and pays them, employer in the public sector have for a long time not wakened to this realization. As a result there have been many complains from the public on the way the public sector offers service to them. Many people have been opting for the private sector which is considered more efficient and more responsive to the needs of the people. The private sector is also considered to be more efficient in delivery of service and it is also considered to be more professional. Therefore many people have increasing been regarding the services of the private sector over those of public sector. (National Audit Office, 2004)
One of the most inefficient areas of the public service sector has been the area of state enterprise. They have been some of the most nonperforming areas of the government. State owned enterprises have been making losses which mean that it is the tax payer's money that has been funding their operations. As a result, they have been considered as a burden to the state and to the public. Even the most efficient state corporations have been dodged by issues of mismanagement and the use of state resource by the managers of the companies for their own private gains. This has been one of the most contentious issues that have led to the call to have the government take action aimed at making the public sector more efficient in the delivering of services. This has been due to rising government expenditure on some of the corporations which have not been serving the public as required. (Michale 2000, p. 24)
There has been also low level of performance by the public service sector that is supposed to offer basic needs to the public. Some sectors like the health sector have not been able to offer to the public the required services. As a result, there have been increased rise of private practitioners in the private health sector who can offer better service. In this regard there has been a realization that some of those practicing in the private sector are also employed in the public sector and therefore they continuously undermine the capability of the public sector to offer services to the public in order to ensure that they attract the public to their private sector practices. (Dobbs 2006, P. 8)
In the recent past, the government has come up with move that is aimed at making the public sector more professional and responsive to the needs of people. In this regard the government of the UK and Australia have made steps which are aimed at addressing the weaknesses that have been dragging the public sector. This has been through implementation of various strategies that are aimed at addressing the needs of the public. The government have been involved in some of the widely researched areas which are aimed at collecting data that can help the government address the problems that the public sector has been facing.
One of the way in which the government has taken the initiative to deal with the problem in the public sector has been increased privatisation of its service. Since the early 1990s, there has been ...
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According to Levine (1995), all persons can become a leader. On the other hand, Brooks et al. (2004) mentioned that leadership does not depend upon any title or excellence in school but by simply acting as a person. Nevertheless, one must have preparation in order to become a leader in order to act positively on the complex economic and political problems and social conditions.
This provision requires that the government act as an employer, in a bid to ensure that it fulfils its duties and responsibilities to the public. The public sector comprises of public employees, working in state firms and agencies. These firms and agencies offer various services and provide public goods to the public.
These services were provided outdoor to all the poor. However, it was criticized for encouraging laziness and increased poverty. The poor law Act of 1834 was thus enacted. The 1834 Act was very instrumental in formulation of the existing social policy. It was paternalistic in nature in that it excluded women from relief and considered them as dependents of their husbands whether they were in employment or not.
The paper further looks into what can be learned from the initiatives in performance based budgeting; taken in the recent years and whether the agendas can be advanced. In addition, if the schemas are advanced, what will be required to affect the process?
The Secretary of Transportation. 2006)
A projection of annual investments in Federal Rail Infrastructure up to 2022 (Source: Report to Congress by US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration. The Secretary of Transportation.
The issues have been largely left with local councils to mean test and decide on the scope and range for funding. However, the councils are also not very clear about the issues and different councils have put up different levels of criteria to decide how much should be spent for each purpose.
User Choice in Public Services
This has led to longer waiting periods for critical treatments, lack of adequate knowledge about alternatives available, and overall reduced customer satisfaction in most public services. While better options are still available for higher and middle class consumers, the lower class has had to do with substandard quality of life and lesser options with each passing year.
order to build infrastrucuture and run the affairs of the nation, often rely on various sources of fundings and income which basically provide them necessary resources to carry out their agenda. Reliance on those income sources is therefore vital for the existence of state as if