Religious education has always been in vogue for thousands of years with a view of spreading religious awareness among the populace. In the olden days, when religion was the way of life in most ancient cultures, this education allowed individual societies to evolve in a way that guaranteed better administration, security, economics, health and other such common aspects of day to day living. Many eastern religious cultures have detailed scriptures highlighting these very aspects, some of which even form the basis of many countries' present governmental policies. Further, with evolution of newer religions during past two millenniums, missionaries have spread to remote corners of the world to spread their religion and perform charity work to help under-developed societies and make them emulate a new religion thereby considerably spreading their religious ideologies. Some fanatic religious leaders have also tried to exploit the lower or suppressed classes of many societies and attempted to lure them into their religion for performing anti-national or terrorist activities. These negative aspects have caused considerable animosity in certain sensitive regions of the world where even genuine and well-intentioned missionaries have faced innumerable humiliations and difficulties in assisting the down-trodden. Good work has nevertheless continued without fail and religious education has been continuing in both formal and informal formats with a view to improving physical as well as spiritual lives of people.
Religious studies essentially involve training of religious traditions to achieve a degree of religious literacy. This knowledge enables its subjects to transform their lives into religious realm or embrace spiritual dimension in a proficient and enlightened way. This education also helps them to develop well informed thought processes relating to relevant societal, principled and individual issues and thereby allows attainment of well- informed opinions and attitudes which help them and the society at large in the long run. Religious mindset also allows people to explore association between their faith, behavior and knowledge which allowed them to judge their own experiences rationally and develop awareness. (Retrieved from http://www.aiglon.ch/rs/page1.shtm)
Citizenship lessons commenced in schools in England and Wales as a cross-curricular theme during 1990. However, new educational drives like literacy and numeracy initiatives sidelined it for sometime. Labor government called upon a group chaired by Sir Bernard Crick to study aspects of citizenship who submitted their report in 1998. Citizenship was introduced as a subject in England during 2002. It is taught both as a separate subject and linked to extracurricular activities with children enjoying a real democratic involvement in an artificially created society. Initial studies include theoretical study of Politics to improve their political literacy, further education helps to develop their skills of enquiry and verbal skills through organized debates while strand 3 trains them in