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Realist Theories - Essay Example
Criminology is an ever expanding field of knowledge, the efforts towards understanding; curtailing and preventing crime has been as varied as the various theories about crime and criminality that abounds. In this respect, several opinions have been proffered as what constitutes crime and what does not, or the intent and motivations behind criminality…
Of the numerous criminology theories that have been propounded over the centuries, the 'realist' theories grew out of the desire to shift attention from theoretical rumblings, and as the name suggests, take a more realistic, practical and proactive steps towards combating crime. The right and left realist theories could be seen as ideological polar opposites, that though, share the similarity of intention to combat crime practically, still took varying approaches to what constitutes crime and what could be considered as appropriate solutions to criminality (Matthews and Young, 1992).
The Right Realism Theory, also known as New Right Realism, Neo-Classicism or Neo-Positivism, considers the phenomenon of crime from the perspective of political Conservatism. It argues that its views takes a more realistic view of the causes of crime and deviance, and identifies the best mechanisms for crime control. The theory has its origins in Control Theory and, as such, it is related to the functionalist theories of crime. ...