Model Rules have been modified according to the demands since then. Now the Model Rules deal with areas like the lawyer- client relationship, the lawyer as an advocate, the lawyer as counselor, public services, transaction with others, and upholding the integrity of the profession. The ethical issues which the criminal law may involve are behavior in the courtroom, conflicts of interest, perjury, investigation efforts, use of media, discovery and sharing of the evidence, use of immunity, plea bargaining and relationship with attorneys of the opposite party. Although all the law schools, today, have the requirement of professional responsibility courses, morality and ethics are not taken to be seriously.
There is a special relationship between the lawyer and the client. Many lawyers think that they have professional duty to show loyalty to their clients. This loyalty makes them departed from their personal and individual decision making process. The lawyers are regarded as both the legal and moral agents of their client rather than only the legal agents. The responsibility of the lawyer to avoid wrong doings puts a check to their own involvements in their clients. It has been suggested by Cohen there are certain principles which must be followed by the lawyers in order to be considered moral. They are:
One should treat others as the ends and not the means to win cases.
The lawyers should treat their clients and even other professional persons in the similar manner.
One should not try to deliberately deceive the court by acting in some tricky manner.
A lawyer should be willing to sacrifice his fame, name, money, and time, for a morally good cause.
Money for wrongful purposes and in wrongful amounts should be avoided to be given or taken.
In the process of representing the client one should not harm others.
There should be loyalty shown towards clients and his confidences should not be betrayed.
As a lawyer one should bring up his own moral decisions to the best of his ability and act constantly upon them.
The justification behind these principles seems to be the correlation of utilitarianism, ethical formalism, and other ethical frameworks. The practicing lawyers may find certain principles as criticizing and not being able to uphold them. It has been pointed out in the Model Code of Professional Responsibility that the lawyers should be temperate and dignified and should desist themselves from all kinds of illegal and conduct that is morally reprehensible.
As for the code of ethics that are entertained by me as a prosecutor, they are very much similar to that of the professional code of ethics that have been prescribed for all those in my profession. What I emphasize on is that the ethics should be such that it does not become complicated in certain situations to be followed. Professional (2) ethics is about the obligations that a professional has to perform being in his profession. Being in a legal profession the lawyers have important decision making power over the lives of many people and thus the code of ethics shows the right path as to how this power should be used. The codes acknowledge these powers and make a commitment that the power will not be misrepresented, especially for any personal gain. The codes ideally provide for the guidance about