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Normalisation and Social Role Valorisation Theories
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Normalisation theories emphasise on certain rules and principles that are applied on those individuals that are despite possessing a learning disorder are intended towards the betterment by treating as a normal person. Being started in Sweden, Bengt Nirje a Scandinavian was the pioneer of 'Normalisation' theory, "Normalisation largely evolved as a human rights-based, upon the platform which critically reacted against large institutions, the service model that dominated services for people with learning disabilities from the 19th century…
It is to be noted that normalisation did not talk about 'making people normal'" (Errol, 2006d) which later was criticised by Wolf Wolfensberger in his 'Social role valorisation' (SRV) theory.
SRV theory defines the relationship between socially valued and feeble people by raising the moral and consciousness among them. The SRV social model ideas differ from other explanations of disability in offering a social rather than an individual deficit approach to explain the oppression that disabled people are confronted to. However, it is acknowledged that individual model accounts remain influential in disability in a sense that it provides those explanations for disabled people's experience, which are particularly contested in the lives of people with learning difficulties. In this respect, theories of Normalization and Social Role Valorisation (SRV) have influenced not only the perception of majority but also the development of policy and practice for decades. ...
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