These partnerships can be explained as the sustained working joint ventures between these agencies which produce additional social benefit which could not have been produced by a purely public, commercial or charitable venture. (Mackintosh, 1992). It is a multi agency approach to pool all the resources (knowledge, skill, finance, experience, expertise etc.) to achieve the goals of urban regeneration.
New East Manchester Limited, established in October 1999, the second Urban Regeneration Company is a partnership between national (English Partnerships), regional (North West Development Agency) and local government (Manchester City Council), with local communities playing a full part. There are two core objectives to East Manchester's regeneration:
Creating sustainable communities through making East Manchester an attractive place to live and work with a range and quality of facilities and services that the local community needs and through making sure that economic benefit is secured for local people and ensuring that East Manchester maximizes the contribution it can make to the regional national and global economy.
The regeneration plan involved constructing new homes, a town city center, sport city, a business park, integrated transport system and achieving an educational attainment above the city average. (http://www.manchesterpartnership.org.uk/page/23,51/
Necessity for evaluation of urban regeneration partnerships
Evaluation is an analysis of the objectives, inputs (processes), outputs and outcomes of any initiative. As urban regeneration partnerships involve the resources of many different agencies but with an important aim, a critical analysis of the partnerships working and activities is necessary to enable the partnership to develop and be more effective. The evaluation made at the developmental stage of an activity gives back information and guidance in to an intervention on how improvements can be made (if required), evaluation done at the process stage tells how the intervention is working and at the outcome stage analyses the effectiveness of the intervention. (EIU, Evaluation Guides: evaluation Guide1 - definition and common concepts). Evaluation of partnership working helps to understand the impact of joint working in regeneration programs and how to achieve maximum effectiveness of the initiatives. (Partnership development, www.sqw.co.uk/services/partnership-development.php)
Principles behind an evaluation
Any evaluation activity should