This paper evaluates many of Sen's works as well as those of his contemporaries in an effort to ascertain whether Sen's arguments for what is called a Capability Approach to global justice are persuasive or merely fanciful in their idealism. Starting with an overview of Amartya Sen and his career and then addressing the Capability Approach, Sen's and other researchers' theories on human rights and global justice, and finally addressing criticisms and thoughts on how the Capability Approach should be used to reach idealistic human rights goals, this paper means to present Amartya Sen's ideas in such a way as to decide whether they might be truly effective when put directly into modern practise.
As the research and evaluation concludes it seems that, like many ideas of fair economy and human rights, Sen's arguments are indeed very persuasive and only lacking in their basic inability to incorporate the theories of other economic and human rights researchers into their own framework. Sen has been able to create a widely celebrated model of social research only to stifle its creativity and success with a rigid set of principles.
Sen is one of the foremost theorists on the subject of justice and human rights; his works have been widely read and critiqued not only by his peers but by concerned civilians in all parts of the world. In his books Development as Freedom, Capability and Wellbeing, and Equality of What Sen has focused his intellectual energies on designing theoretical models from which he imagines people on the whole would benefit in terms of gaining access to their basic human rights like clean water, food, shelter and racial and sexual equality. Specifically, he is celebrated as the creator of the Capability Approach which will be discussed in depth shortly.
An Indian economist born in 1933, Sen has lectured members of the World Bank on issues of global equality for years, and his work gained him the Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences. The award is close kin to the prestigious Nobel Prize and with this kind of acknowledgement it is safe to say that Sen's work has been appreciated by the economic professionals throughout the world2. He studied in India before moving on to gain his University degrees in the United Kingdom, and since then has taught in universities in both countries. Sen is a man who has prided himself on the development of comprehensive theories for world justice and it is clear from his books that he believes it is the responsibility of people in power to make these essential changes to the world economy so that class structures are loosened and those on the bottom rung of society - be that in South Africa or Great Britain or anywhere else - are given the chance to live a full life of their own accord. His greatest opposition has come not from criticisms of his work but in fact from the relative listlessness of those people he has called upon to act in the name of human rights. Sen's strategies for change involve economic and political upheaval to the extent that government officials and business leaders simply would prefer to stay their course and continue bringing in the profits they know how to make so well3.
Sen's early work focused on developing the theory of social choice, in showing that each set of