Over the years it has been witnessed that the problem of illegal immigration has increased in the developed countries. Illegal immigration is the unlawful migration of individuals from one country to the other without notice to the authorities. The problem of illegal immigration is usually seen to be limited to the developed nations. United States of America is also suffering from the same problem from many years. Many argue that illegal immigration has proved to be a blessing in disguise whereas the opponents state that the country is plunging deep into problems. Reforms have been introduced in the country since the late twentieth century but so far it has been argued that these reforms are not successful. Some argue with different reforms and provide different opinions on solving this problem (Duignan 2004). Problem of Immigration At first the United States itself was in the stage of developing and it was seen that no such immigration reforms were introduced in the country. The requirement of workers in America allowed easy immigration of individuals from other countries in the early twentieth century. It was in 1986 that the immigrants in the country had increased to alarming numbers and a reform was introduced by President Ronald Reagan. The immigrants living in United States were allowed amnesty through this reform which was known as IRCA. It was here only that another policy against the employers was implemented through which they could not hire illegal workers residing in the country for low wages. But this policy could not be maintained for a longer time and the immigrants in the country kept on increasing. It was in 2000 that the number of illegal immigrants increased by around eight million (Couch et al 2004). Moreover the situation was analyzed in 2009 and it was found that the number of illegal immigrants was around 10.8 million in January 2009 (Reuters 2010). Most of the immigrants coming into the country belong to Latin America, Central America and Mexico. Solving Immigration Problems Over the years it is seen that many bills have been passed in the legislation to curb the problem of illegal immigration. So far it has been seen that these efforts have not been successful enough and people put forward different views regarding these reforms. According to some people illegal immigration can be stopped through amnesty programs. The program implemented by Ronald Reagan promoted these amnesty programs through which the illegal immigrants were kept under surveillance by the authorities. However it is believed that these amnesty programs are providing a way through which the numbers of illegal immigrants are increasing in the state. The opponents of Amnesty reform propose that the illegal immigrants are being rewarded for their cause rather than being punished. After these illegal immigrants become legal they bring about their family members which are strictly opposed by the opponents. They believe that by increasing the number of illegal immigrants these amnesty programs are diluting the American society. The ruling class of the American society wants to promote these amnesty programs only because they are getting enough workers to work on low wages (Couch et al 2004). Barack Obama in his current government has proposed plans to increase the raids upon the employers who are hiring these workers. In 2007 raids were carried out on the chain of McDonalds to wind up around 56 workers on the suspicion of illegal work. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency (ICE) planned out 1000 new audits on the workers. Moreover the Department of Homeland Security proposes the E-verify software program for the employers which can help them to detect as to which employee enjoys legal immigration in the country and who does not. However many argue on these reforms that these employee check reforms still do not completely eradicate the illegal workers from the American society. Moreover the conservatives argue that these workers are not being deported after they are
Over the years it has been witnessed that the problem of illegal immigration has increased in the developed countries. Illegal immigration is the unlawful migration of individuals from one country to the other without notice to the authorities. …
This is because the undocumented immigrants provided a great portion of the state’s work force. The immigrants were forced to flee because the legal reforms would make them to lose their livelihoods. The agriculture industry of Alabama had the immigrants as the backbone of its economic progress.
The immigrants who are legal face many difficulties and delays. There is also the problem of large number of illegal immigrants, most of who enter through the southwestern borders of America. Immigration policies are matter of security of the American nation and also are related with the matter of competitiveness in the international arena.
Illegal immigration is an issue which evokes strong responses from diverse sections of society. Opinions are divisive, and usually range between two extremes. On one side is ranged the anti-illegal immigration groups which stridently call for the immediate deportation of all illegal immigrants.
Poverty is one of the main issues in underdeveloped nations (Muller (a) 312). It is also the main reason that makes people migrate to developed nations. Immigrants from all over the world have been coming to the United States for a long time (Muller 29). Unsecured borders play a vital role in facilitating the entry of illegal immigrants.
In the contemporary society, the subject of illegal immigration is highly debated due to the challenges it poses. The primary intention of the typical illegal aliens is the search for greener pastures and in the process they end up adding value to the economy of host country.
In the course of time INS implemented several projects underway that used technology to segregate low and high-risk traffic and streamline the inspection process. INS is testing other technology, including automated vehicle license plate readers to check vehicles against law enforcement lookout databases and a system, which uses fingerprints to verify the identity of individuals in order to reduce passenger-processing time.
The author of the text stresses that researchers from the Pew Hispanic Center estimate there are now 11.5 to 12 million unauthorized immigrants in the U.S. It is also stated that illegal immigration reform was limited to two basic methodologies deterring illegal immigrants, namely US borders control and elimination of job prospects available for illegal immigrants.
These rules included a check on the employment of the illegal immigrants through laws as well as by penalizing the people who forged the documents for the purpose of attaining the same benefits as the official residents of the country (Garcia 1; Fuqua 213).