Lambeth, located just north of London Central, is one of the most highly populated boroughs in the City of London. According to the 2001 Census, the population was 266,169 and as of 2004 has risen to 268,100 (Lambeth, 2006). Hammersmith & Fulham, somewhat smaller in area than Lambeth, west of London Central, shows a lower census in 2001: 165,242, with a greater increase to 176,800 in 2004 (Hammersmith, 2006).
Census figures as of 2001 show that Hammersmith & Fulham had a much higher percentage of White residents (78%) than Lambeth (62%). Ethnic groups for Hammersmith in 2001 were comprised of 5% black Caribbean and 5% black African, whilst Lambeth figures show 12% black Caribbean and 12% black African. More recent figures (2004) show additional ethnic groups: South Asian and Chinese in Lambeth and South Asian only in Hammersmith (Lambeth, 2006; Hammersmith, 2006), a factor which has brought about issues that did not exist previously.
Both of these boroughs were formed in 1965. Hammersmith & Fulham is best known for sporting successes in area Football Clubs and in Rowing. It is known internationally as the site of the 1908 Olympics, of more interest now that the 2012 Olympics will be played in London. The neighbourhood is mixed, with affluent as well as deprived neighbourhoods. Lambeth is developing a tourist economy around the South Bank and takes pride in its many parks. The Shakespeare Globe Theatre is located in nearby Southwark, a borough that Lambeth has interacted with. An overview indicates that Lambeth is not showing the population growth that is the case in Hammersmith & Fulham, but they have far more ethnic residents than Hammersmith.
The above map issued by the London Research Centre in 1996 indicates that Hammersmith & Fulham is below average in ethnic composition, whilst Lambeth is above average. This is borne out in the 2001 Census. The composition of a specific area has a major affect on all aspects of the area, especially in housing. Both areas have shown increased housing needs. But Lambeth has an above-average number of council flats and Hammersmith & Fulham is average in that respect. In both boroughs, it is specifically in the social rent sector that there is an inadequate supply of permanent new dwellings.
Housing needs surveys
Lambeth has been considered one of London's rather scruffy boroughs according to Letsrentaproperty's Area Guide (2005). As an area that suffers from high levels of both crime and poverty, it has its share of problems. It covers an area of 7 miles from the Thames to the North to the border of Croydon in the South. It is densely populated with a large community of black Caribbeans (Area Guide, 2006). One area showing improvement is Streatham which has captured the attention of young professionals, who prefer to rent. Its greatest need, according to the Area Guide, would seem to be a tube station in this area to offset the busy roads.
According to the Private Sector Rents Bulletin (2005), the Mayor's London Plan and the London Housing Strategy are planning to increase housing supply in the capital. One policy is to enhance and modernise the private rented sector in an