He discerns three phases of family policy expansion in Western Europe:
First, part of financial support for the family; tagged by a phase of policy intended at the well-being of the family as a whole and at the personal progress of each of its members; and last of all is a phase distinguished by measures that aim at rendering themselves momentarily or partly unnecessary.
Eighties were a decade in Britain that saw the most foremost changes in family and household work that have taken place this century. Marriage was delayed as more couples recognized cohabiting unions, and a drift toward the severance of childbearing and marriage became perceptible with trebling in the proportion of babies born outside marriage. Marital break and divorce were other distinctive features of the decade. Divorce rates doubled throughout seventies, following legislation that permitted easier divorce. Throughout eighties, they retained the plateau reached in divorce rates, and more than one-third of the marriages were likely to end in divorce.
The impact of these changes has been perceptible for women at both ends of the childbearing years. In both age groups women have become less prone to be living as part of a married couple with children, and more prone to be either a lone parent, living alone, or living as part of a childless couple. There has been a distinct shift for women from the role of spouse to the standing of household head. Social and economic trends that have seen increased economic activity of women have convoyed these demographic developments. Though, socialists also distinguished eighties for the impact of economic recession and the rise of mass unemployment. These developments had a particular collision on families (mainly lone-parent families), and led to a threefold increase in the numbers of children living in poverty (Martin J, and Roberts C. 1984).
In the dearth of a clear and wide-ranging model of family policy in Britain, response to demographic and social change has been incremental and sometimes contradictory. The family has increasingly become the center of political and public debate and disagreement. Attempts to persuade at times contrary objectives make any involvement in family policy exceedingly intricate. There remains a lack of sureness as to the desired balance between the worlds of family life and paid employment; linking equity of treatment for individuals on the one hands, and sustain for the customary two-parent family on the other. They might accomplish that many trends apparent in the British family have their own momentum that is driving them onward, rather than because of, premeditated policy intervention (Silva, E.B. and Smart, C 1999).
Basically, Families are the key transmitters of cultural values and the foremost models of both adequate and deplorable behaviors. We must not leave families to engage in this work alone but support them in developing fundamental human values around respect, patience, acceptance of diversity, parity, service,