The factors responsible for financial crises are highlighted in this study.
In this analysis of financial liberalisation in emerging markets of economies of Asia, we will concentrate on the business opportunities and changing economic scenario of Asian markets. The case of Asian markets such as China, India, and Malaysia will be considered and an analysis will be done to suggest why and how Asian economies seem to be more successful in adapting an open free market policy and how this has affected the global economy. The Asian business context and its lessons to the African countries could be examined considering the pros and cons, the risks and opportunities of financial liberalisation (also in Baharumshah et al, 2003). We will discuss how some countries shielded themselves from financial crises and what are the advantages and disadvantages of globalization and a globalised economy.
Efficient and growing financial markets are capable of allocating resources to investors and sellers. Financial markets evolve over time and can reduce possibilities of instability in the economy. Asian financial markets consists of the whole gamut of Chinese, East Asian and Japanese economies and these are considered either as industrialised countries or emerging economies and are studied in the context of financial crises or financial liberalisation policies and their interlinking dynamics (Anuruo et al, 2002; Baharumshah et al 2003). Financial analysts tend to examine the evolution of Asian financial markets that can support its growth to full potential. Financial liberalisation policies seem to have added an international dimension to the structure of the financial system from the banking sector to the domestic market base.
The Asian markets have shown large flows of capital and have been a model of integration of emerging economies although there are downsides to liberalisation as seen in high volatility of markets and competition to domestic businesses. International financial however has its advantages as it promotes an open economy, gross capital flows and implies a shift to a flexible exchange rate.
Considering the factors that accompany financial liberalisation, the economic crises of the Asian economies could be discussed in perspective. The severe East Asian economic crisis in the late 1990s affected the domestic economy of several countries and led to banking failures and a fall in GDP. However by the late 1990s, the situation improved and production and consumption recovered. The main reasons of the crises were recognised as weaknesses of the corporate and financial sectors along with macroeconomic vulnerabilities and the banking and financial systems were revamped with reforms to end the crises (see Erturk, 2003; Gilpin 2003). This included improvement of banking regulations and supervisions, stricter control of