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Modernity Sociology - Essay Example

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4-6). Modernity is also characterised by political changes as the basic unit of a state experiences challenges in respect of society failing to conform to nationhood both economically and culturally. Talk of global governance is rife with regional integration and alliances on a political note being common. Modern communication technology and increased ease of migration have had a big impact on culture with the opposing forces of globalisation and new social movements taking centre stage. Modernity has seen cultural changes in terms of exchange of ideas and practices being driven by corporations instead of governments. Modernity has found use in describing these changes since they are essentially a departure from previous experiences in terms of both intensity and geographical coverage and have seen the individual take centre stage in creating, spreading and adopting change. The use of this term faces problems in respect to its independence from the other closely related term: globalisation while it further raises the question of whether it has any significance considering that there are bound to be changes occurring at all times with these changes influencing societies across the world. The concept is also interpreted to mean the dawn of a new age which would seem obnoxious considering the lack of distinctiveness and the knowledge that a great deal of change is still yet to occur (McGuigan 2006, pp. 1-3). Richard Sennett’s “The Culture of new Capitalism” The author tackles contemporary

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capitalism with special reference to the role it plays in impacting individuals in regards to careers, economics and political bearing. In this new capitalism, organisations are more interested in short term success rather than long term stability. The effect of this on employees is the change in focus from expertise and experience to flexibility and potential. While those in support of such a scenario argue that new capitalism is liberating to the workers, the author is of the view that it robs employees of the security brought about by knowledge and experience. This has the effect of creating anxiety, despair and discontentment in the workforce in place of the expected freedom and liberalisation (Sennett 2006). Sennett’s thinking is particularly synchronous to the theories of Mark about alienation of workers. While Sennett argues that the new capitalism deprives workers of security in expertise, Mark was of the opinion that capitalism brought about alienation in terms of estranging workers from creativity in their work and making them lose self determination (Schneider 2006, p. 54). The two however differ in the fact that Mark argued against capitalism while Sennett is of the opinion that capitalism is superior to the new capitalism being propagated. In relation to Foucault, the idea that knowledge is basic for the construction of power is congruent with Sennett’s thinking. The new capitalism denies individuals of expert knowledge since it focuses on adaptability hence essentially denying such individuals power. The two however are concerned with two different subjects: economics and power. Urry and
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Summary

Introduction Modernity refers to the developments taking place in the socio-economic and political culture in consumerism in the wake of industrialisation characterised by changes taking place at both individual and societal levels. The central conflict that drives modernity is tension between organisation/integration and differentiation (Breward and Evans 2005, p…
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