These theories would be used in examining the demographic characteristics in the United States of America and the extent at which it affects the social trend.
The pluralist theory is a theory that focuses more on group interaction in the society. Its emphasis is placed on the activities of the different groups or association existing in the society (Schouls, 2004). The United States, being a pluralist state with a diverse race inherent, presents a society that explains the actions of different groups and how they affect decision making in the American community. Their influence on decision-making processes would be evaluated using the general election that ushered in President Barack Obama, as he represents the black race that is a minority in Americas population, against John Mc Cain who is a white American. The African-Americans present in the United State gave their support to their fellow black compatriot, which opens up a new dimension to the American political terrain, as it was stated in history that a black American has the possibility to rule America (Cole, Hirst & Figgis, 1994).
The structural-functional theory emphasizes on the roles of various structures that are relevant in the society in order to ensure stability (Jayapalan, 2001). The emphasis here is on the ability of various institutions in the society to perform. In every society, several institutions are there to ensure stability. Such institutions include government, family and the church (Jayapalan, 2001). The American governmental institution is structured in a way that allows feedback mechanism when laws made are either good or bad depending on the reactions of the citizens. The system has been built to make the citizens have confidence in the system. The inter-governmental relationship upholds a federal and democratic process that enables the citizens to participate in politics through various